Palaces are plentiful in India and especially in the state of Rajasthan. Being a historic state with a glorious past, the state offers some of the most impressive structures that will always be a primary source of knowledge and inspiration for people, as well as being a beautiful example of architectural excellence. One of the many palaces that stimulate the visitor’s visual senses is the Hawa Mahal in Jaipur .

Why is it called Hawa Mahal?

It is called Hawa Mahal due to the numerous windows (953, to be precise), which ensure a continuous flow of breeze, keeping the mahal fresh.

Why was Hawa Mahal built?

Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh who belonged to the Kachhwaha Rajput dynasty had Hawa Mahal built in 1799 for the royal women of the family. They were able to enjoy the hustle and bustle of everyday life from their windows without being seen from the outside. These women did not mix with the masses and rarely appeared in public, so the Palace gave them the opportunity to connect with the outside world, while they remained out of public view.

Hawa-Mahal-2Hawa Mahal History

The city of Jaipur was built and ruled by an emperor of the Kachwaha dynasty, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 1727. A few decades later, Sawai Pratap Singh, his grandson, took the burden of managing the Empire. An architect named Lal Chand Ustad was hired to create a structure that would be an extension of the current City Palace built by his grandfather. It is said that the design of the Palace was done in the form of a crown as a dedication to Lord Krishna.
The 953 windows of the palace served as an observation platform for real women, who were forbidden to reveal their faces and cover them all the time. These windows or jharokha, as they were called, allowed women to see the royal processions, the commotion of routine and other events and festivals held in the center of the market, outside the palace. In the days when the temperature rose, the Hawa Mahal allowed the royal family to relax on the four walls of the palace and enjoy the cool breeze provided by the curtains of the windows.

Architecture and design

The entrance to the Palace is through a large door that leads to the patio. Standing here, you can see the Hawa Mahal to the east side, along with other buildings built inland. Interestingly, the entrance to the Palace is from its back rather than from the front. The Palace is located at a height of 50 feet from its base.
A classic mix of Mughal and Rajput architectural patterns, the Hawa Mahal rises to five stories. The first and second floors have a large terrace in the front, while the three floors above are built in the form of a single room. Each room of the palace has been constructed with marble of varied colors, thus giving a different identity. To reach the upper floors, one has to walk on the ramps, since there are no stairs that lead upwards.

Interesting things to know about the Palace of wind architecture

The five-story palace is built of red and pink sandstone.

Its small latticed windows resemble the crown of the Hindu god Lord Krishna. In fact, the entire structure was built in the form of the crown of Lord Krishna. Hawa Mahal has the shape of a crown that adorns the head of Lord Krishna.

The main attraction of the palace are its windows. They are called ‘Jharokhas’. They were built so that the air circulates through the palace without any obstruction. There are a total of 953 windows.

Hawa Mahal served as an extension of the Royal City Palace. It was connected to the special rooms made for real women.

From the top of the palace, you can enjoy the views of other tourist attractions in the city, such as Jantar Mantar, the City Palace and the Sireh Deori Bazar.

There is a patio on the ground floor surrounded by two-story buildings on three sides. You have to move through narrow steps with pillars built on both sides to get from one place to another inside the palace.

The building is about 15 meters high, but there are no stairs. The upper floors of the floor are reached by climbing special structures similar to slopes.

The royal artists performed cultural and musical programs in the courtyard of the palace. The women of the royal family could enjoy these programs sitting on the first and second floors.

How to get

The international airport of Jaipur is located at a distance of 13 kilometers from the city. It provides air connectivity to various parts of India and some foreign destinations as well.

The city is a part of the tourist circuit of the Golden Triangle , which covers Delhi and Agra . Regular buses, with air conditioning and buses run by the government make it easier for tourists from neighboring states to come to the pink city. Within the city, many taxis and auto-rickshaws serve the traveler

The city of Jaipur is well connected by regular flights to Mumbai, Delhi, Varanasi, Udaipur, Kolkata, Jodhpur and Aurangabad. A suitable rail network also makes Jaipur accessible from all major cities in the country. Special luxury trains, such as Maharajas Express and Palace on Wheels, operate from Delhi to Jaipur.

The best time to visit

The palace is open from 09:00 to 05:00 p.m. each day. The best time to visit the palace and the city of Jaipur is in the winter season, that is, from October to March. The weather in these months is cool and pleasant, and so it will be easier for you to explore the city without sweating a lot, which is normal during the summer season, when the temperature rises very high.

Eat and drink

Several restaurants in the city ensure that your visit becomes more enjoyable with local cuisines served in a traditional way. Several pubs and bars in the area entertain you while they serve you alcoholic beverages and food. The nearest shops to Hawa Mahal are Raj Laxmi Hotel, Kailash Restaurant, Buggagar Restaurant, Jai Mata Di Restaurant, etc.

Other tourist attractions near Hawa Mahal

There are several tourist attractions near Hawa Mahal. The following are the most famous:

  • Jantar Mantar
  • Royal City Palace
  • Govind Dev Temple
  • Jal Mahal
  • Strong Amber
  • Nahargarh Fort
  • Birla Temple
  • Jain Temple
  • And, Sisodia Rani Garden

The most important thing to know when visiting Hawa Mahal

  • Visiting time is from 9 am to 5:00 pm (IST).
  • The entrance for national tourists is RS 50, while it is RS 200 for foreign tourists.
  • There is a small archaeological museum inside the Palace, which exhibits miniature paintings and some rich relics, as ceremonial armor.
  • The Palace is now under the care of the archaeological department of the government of Rajasthan.
  • you can book a ticket online or ask us to plan a trip to Hawa Jaipur

Hawa Mahal is a very interesting structure. It is one of its kind in the whole world. While it may not interest everyone, heritage, history, art and architecture enthusiasts should not miss exploring the Hawa Mahal complex.