Some address it to the Keoladeo National Park and some are defined as Ghana National Parks; Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, a world heritage site, is an ideal house for almost thousands of birds all over the world. Located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, it is a famous Avifauna sanctuary, which hosts almost thousands of birds, especially in the winter season, to find migratory species. Surprisingly, at least 230 species of birds make this sanctuary their favorite home and the most favorable and protected area for them. Swadeshi indigenous water birds and migratory water birds are especially surrounded with Siberian cranes, Sambar, Chital, Nilgai and many species of pigs in Bharatpur Sanctuary. Today, during the hibernal season, it is a major tourist destination for most people of the ornithologists.
Historical Story of Keoladeo Bird Sanctuary
Bharatpur Sanctuary is one of the oldest wild stores in India and was built 250 years ago when its name was kept in its borders after the Keeldev (Shiva) temple. Earlier, the park was a traditional hunting site for the Maharaja of Bharatpur in 1850. In the honor of British Viceroy, shooting many ducks in the lake of the reserve was a tradition. In 1938, Lord Linlithgro, the then Governor-General of India, killed more than 4273 birds including Mallard and Tails. After independence, the royal creatures were allowed to shoot here, but in 1982, such activities were completely restricted and as a result, there was a conflict between local farmers and Gujjar communities and the government. It was considered a World Heritage Site in December 1985.
Park is also known as Ghana National Park because ‘Ghana’ means covering entire Bharatpur area while mentioning the dense forest.
Wildlife in Bharatpur
Various count of bird species is important attractions for tourists in Bharatpur. These species fly especially from remote places like Siberia and Central Asia in winter. In Bharatpur bird sanctuary, migratory birds include cranes, pelicans, geys, ducks, eagles, hoaxes, cones, stints, wagels, warblers, whites, flycatchers, bunings, larks and pipes etc.
Along with this, some major calculations of Sambal, Chital, Nilgai, and Pigs can also be found in the Sanctuary.
The forest in Bharatpur is semi-arid biotype with important vegetation and hence the sanctuary is called ‘Ghana’. Mainly it is a dry deciduous forest type, surrounded by a dry meadow in the area where the forest has been dropped. Along with this, the forest is covered with medium sized trees and bushes.
On the northeast region of the forest, Kalam or step (Mithigya pavifolia), Jamuna (Sizigium cummini) and Babul (Bakia Neilotica) are being governed. The open woodland is mostly babal, in which there is a small amount of candy (pseospice cinerea) and beer (zizifus).
The open woodland is covered with Babil with a small amount of candy and beer. Scrublands is dominated by beer and care (Caprice disdain). Pelu (Salvador Oloids and Salvadora Perca) are the only woody plants found in almost salty soils. Aquatic vegetation is rich and provides a valuable food source for waterfowl.
Scrubs are full of plum and care and soil is very hydrated with some soil formed as a result of periodic torrents. The annual rainfall in Bharatpur area is 662 mm, in which rain falls from the average of 36 days per year.
In Bharatpur, macroinvertebrates like most insects, insects, and mollusks can be found in abundance, which can be found mostly in N water marine. These insects are common food items of birds and bring a great link in the food chain with good control of the fishes and ecosystem of the sea world. Land insects are in abundance and there is a positive impact on breeding of land birds.
Originally there are about 370 bird species in a bird sanctuary, Bharatpur sanctuary. This Sanctuary is an ideal host for many bird species due to its strategic location to attract migratory water flow in the Indian subcontinent before spreading in different regions. In addition, there is a winter area for heavy boards of wetland water flow. This is the only regular winter area in India for severely endangered Siberian cranes.
Near ancient Castles and Memorial Places and Bharatpur Sanctuary
Bharatpur Palace– The perfect mix of Mughal and Rajputana style of architecture, the Baharampur Palace was built at different stages by different kings. The palace is decorated with interior interiors and designs with floor tiles designed. The museum at the center displays the second-century arts and skills of state and region.
Lohagarh Fort– The “Iron fort” is specially designed and designed so that it can last longer; And by its name, the Lohgarh fort stood firmly against the many attacks by the British, appropriately. This fort is quite different from the other forts in the state of construction and presence. Although not quite attractive, the fort distorts the light of strength and splendor. It is surrounded by a grass which was once filled with water to prevent the enemy attack.
There are many attractive monuments inside the fort built by King Suraj Malik to conquer the Mughals and the British. These monuments are Kishori Mahal, Mahal Special, Moti Mahal, Kothi Special, Jawahar Burj, and Fateh Burj. The wonderful Ashtadhatu (eight-metal) Gateway contains paintings of huge elephants.
Bharatpur Fort Museum– Within the fortress of Lohgarh, the building- Kamra Khas has been converted into a museum which exhibits a rich collection of ancient objects, exquisite sculptures, and some ancient inscriptions. These sculptures reflect the art and culture of that era, and inscriptions are highly valuable during the royal dynasty and locating local life.
Deeg Palace– Deeg Palace is a wonderful fort built by King Suraj Mall, which stands exquisitely at a slightly higher point and is surrounded by impressive moats, ramparts, and gateways. Anyone can find inner areas in the ruined condition, but while keeping a watch on the city and the palace, the clock tower is still present in the alert position. In this palace, many monuments and guns can be found in ancient times of various rulers to remember as a victory over neighboring palaces.
The whole Bharatpur Sanctuary is being spread with well-defined forest trails and can be covered easily on the leg or the circle. Motor vehicles are not allowed in the vicinity but you can rent the available rickshaws there. You can also enjoy sailing travel in the morning or late evening to add more excitement to the zoo tour.