India Gate (Actually it is also called the All India War Memorial) is a war memorial. Rajpath, which is built in Rajpath, New Delhi, was also known as Kingsway in ancient times.
Originally known as Akhil Bharatiya War Memorial, this monument was built by the British rulers in memory of 82,000 Indian soldiers who were martyred in the First World War and Afghan wars by joining the British army. The names of 13,300 soldiers, including some soldiers and officers of the United Kingdom, are engraved on the gate, this monument made of red and yellow sandstone is visible.
When India Gate was ready, a statue of George Pancham was engaged in front of it. Which was later installed in Coronation Park with other statues of the British Raj period. Now instead of the statue of Georges Pancham, only an umbrella has remained in the form of symbols.
In 1971, during the Bangladesh Liberation War, small monuments and small works of black marble stones were made. This artwork is also called Amar Jawan Jyoti because since 1971 the tomb of the untested soldiers of India has been made here.
History of India Gate
India Gate is located in the Indian subcontinent, which is also known as the All India War Memorial. And this is also a part of the historical heritage Imperial War Grave Commission (IWGC). Which was established for the soldiers who were killed in World War I.
Until the 1920s, Old Delhi Railway Station used to be the only railway station of the entire city. The Agra-Delhi railway line, at that time, the way of passing Lutyen’s Delhi and Kingsway, which is now known as Rajpath in Hindi. The present India Gate passes through the construction site of the gate. Eventually, this railway line was transferred to Yamuna river.
After this, when the route started in 1924, the construction of the memorial site could be started somewhere. Many important paths reach through the 42 meters high India Gate. Around the first India gate, a lot of traffic was passing. But now it has been closed for heavy vehicles.
When the monument is published in the evening, a huge crowd of people gathers in the grasslands on either side of the India Gate and on the Rajpath. In the diameter of 625 meters, the hexagonal area of India Gate spreads over an area of 306,000 square meters.
The umbrella located in front of India Gate is still the same. Under this umbrella, there was a grand statue of Georges Pancham in a time. After India’s liberation, the government has removed the statue from it and established it at Coronation Park.
In the memory of the martyred soldiers, a cap of a soldier is placed here on a rifle, on whose four corners the ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’ always keeps burning. There are names of thousands of martyrs on their walls. At the top is written in English- For the martyrs of the Indian Forces, Jaffrans and Flanders were martyred in Mesopotamia, Persia, East Africa Gallipoli and elsewhere in the Near East and in the Far East, and in their sacred memory, whose names are recorded and in the third Afghan war in India or in the north-west Dead on the border.
Lush green fields around the India Gate, children’s garden, and famous boat club make it a suitable picnic spot. The cold breeze of the evening flowing near the India Gate fountain attracts a lot of visitors here.
In the evening it is illuminated by illuminating all around the India Gate, which creates a grand view. Standing next to the monument, views of Rashtrapati Bhavan can be taken. The black sky behind this monument, filled with beautiful lights, gives it a memorable background. In the light of day, there is also a scenic view between India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhawan.
On January 26, India Gate becomes the witness of the Republic Day parade where upgradation of the latest defense technology is demonstrated. The parade held here also shows a glimpse of India’s colorful and diverse cultural heritage. In which artists from across the country exhibit their art on this occasion.
Some Interesting Facts about India Gate
- Located in the heart of Delhi city, India Gate is 42 meters high and the name of famous Indian soldiers is engraved on the walls of India Gate. The name of those soldiers who were sacrificed at the time of the Afghan and World War I was on that wall. This monument of Delhi is connected to the main roads of Delhi.
- The construction work of India Gate started in 1921 and this monument took 10 years to complete and India got ready in 1931. This monument is said to be inspired by Parisian extracts given by the Triomphe. India Gate was architected by Edwin Lutyens.
- There is also the famous Amar Jawan Jyoti in India Gate, which is burning 24 × 7. This Amar Jawan Jyoti was made for the soldiers who were killed in the 1971 Indo-Pak war. In 1972, on the occasion of Republic Day, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi burnt it.
- Amar Jawan is made of marble at the pilgrimage site of Jyoti Gate. A cap of a refill and a soldier is also made.
- India’s President and Prime Minister treats India Gate as one of the famous pilgrimage sites in the country. Everyone in India knows the importance of India Gate.
- India’s water, air, and space, the three soldiers know the importance of Jyoti.
- India Gate is considered the world’s largest global war heritage. Millions of Indians come to see daily.
- Due to the historical significance of India Gate and surrounding green garden, this place is also a famous picnic spot.
- India Gate is famous for the Republic Day Parade to be held on January 26.
India Gate is a government heritage and its global and national importance too. Everyone sees it with respect and dignity of the country. India Gate is definitely a matter of pride for us.