Located in the capital of Rajasthan, the city’s palace or main palace in Jaipur is a charming mix of traditional Rajasthan and Mughal architecture. The huge palace complex is at the seventh place of the walled city of Jaipur. Originally built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of the Kachhwaha lineage of Rajputs, their successors have been added to the castle premises.
The complex is divided into a series of courtyards, stretching gardens and buildings. It is home to many castle structures such as the Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Badal Palace, Sri Govind Dev Temple and the City Palace Museum.
The first courtyard has ‘Mubarak Mahal’, which was built by Maharaja Madho Singh II in the late 19th century. The Mubarak Mahal, or the Shubh Mahal, includes the cloth section of Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum. A grand entrance is a magnificent gateway with a grand door opening the brass. Deewan-e-Khas or ‘Hall of Private Audience’ – an open hall with a double row of pillars with scalloped arches. The Guinness Book of World Records has shown the world’s two largest silver vessels. On the trip to England, it was used by Madho Singh II to carry water from the holy Ganges for personal use. In the celestial manuscripts of deep red and gold, Afghan and Persian rugs, miniature paintings, Farsi and Sanskrit, ‘Dewan-e-mango’ or ‘hall of public audiences’, across the pucca square. In the second corner, the gateway is the Ridhi Sidhi pole, in which four small doors are decorated with four doors showing the door.
The beautiful seven-story ‘Chandra Mahal’ in the north-west or the Moon Palace is home to the present Maharaja of Jaipur; Bhawani Singh provides good views of the garden and the city. In traditional style, paintings, floral decorations, walls of mirrors, and ceilings decorate the palace. Each story has a unique name and it is a place of beautiful beauty and luxury. The land of Chandra Mahal and the first floor, Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II makes the museum. The museum has a comprehensive collection of art, carpet, enamel and 15th Century weapons. The pictures include miniatures of Rajasthani, Persian and Mughal schools. A section of the museum includes the former Maharajas and Maharani dresses and apparel of Jaipur.
Sukh Niwas’ or the rest of the hall have Maharaja’s painting and dining room, equipped with holes of Mughal miniatures, European silver, glass dining table and decorated with gold leaf. On the fourth floor of ‘Chandra Mahal’, ‘Shobha Niwas’ or ‘Beautiful’ hall has fine blue tiled dado and shiny gold leaf and mica decoration with mirror walls. When the room was burnt after the darkness, then the Maharaja could enjoy a breathtaking view of the room exploding in a thousand jerky images. Shobha Niwas and Sukh Rahit still have been occupied by the present Maharaja. The fifth floor is the ‘Chhavi Niwas’ or the Hall of Images, the Maharaja retreats in the rainy season, with the eggshell stucco and the polished floor of blue and white painted walls. With its reflective roof and stucco floor, there are rows of the double column in the sixth floor, through which can be a spectacular view of bumpy hills. The top floor is called the ‘crown mansion’ or crown building.
In front of the Chandra Palace, there is ‘Badal Palace’. Govind Devji Temple stands between Chandra Mahal and Badal Palace. A pleasant system of fountains has been kept between the twisted path between Chandra Mahal and Badal Palace. Another integral part of the palace complex is the Hawa Mahal of unusual architecture, which stands apart from the main campus.
The child of the Raja’s bed of the entrance to the southwest corner of the Palace or the beginning of the sacrifice of ‘Palliyara’ Dasratatha with its low wooden roof and 300 square feet wall surface in 48 paintings depicting Ramayana Is remarkable. Returning from captivity in Sita’s Lanka These images are the earliest in the palace, dating to the beginning of the 16th century. The last five scenes are from ‘Krishna Leela’, where a cheerful Lord Krishna asked his six hands and two feet to join in the foreplay with eight happy milk-eaters. Another important series of paintings in the Dutch Palace is found in the upper staircase room, in particular, the Coronation Hall which was built under Dutch conservation. Lakshmi is sitting on the lotus in the compositions, Vishnu (Anantasayanamurti), Shiva and Parvati, Ardhanariswara and other ladies, Ram’s politician, Krishna Mt Govardhan etc. are sitting about. On the opposite side of the Coronation Hall, there is a ladder room or Kovinithalam (Room number II), descendants of the lower floor and four pictures related to Shiva, Vishnu, and Devi, an incomplete one. Ladies’ rooms below the stairs are closed to visitors. Room number IV has scenes of Kumarasambham and other works of great Sanskrit poet Kalidas.
The main rectangular rooms in the main rectangular rooms are entered through the main entrance with a staircase and a fine carved and painted roof. The first Vishnu and Shiva from the eastern chambers are marked with spectacular scenes of symbolic scenes and on the left side there is a small room in the form of an incomplete but bold image of Vishnu, ‘Vaikunathnath’.These are among the latest works in the castle. The dining hall decorated the wooden ornate terrace with a series of brass cups. The palace also includes rare examples of traditional Kerala floors, which look like polished black marble, but in reality, the mixture of coconut shells, charcoal, lemon, plant juice and egg white is burnt.
Near the palace, almost the famous Cochin assembly site was built in 1567, and between them, there is a large circular temple with a cone roof which is not open to non-Hindus.