The Queen’s Waves is a famous historical monument which is located about 2 km from the north-west of Patan district of Gujarat state. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on June 22, 2014 (This is the 31st World Heritage Site in India) This is the most spectacular step in Gujarat during the 11-12th Century. According to its name, Rani-ki-Wav is considered to be the queen of India’s well-being wells.
A good example of a unique Indian underground architectural structure, the Queen’s Wave is a seven-story step. In the last quarter of 11th century AD, the step-well (known as Wave in Gujarati) was created by the Queen Udayamati of King Bhimdev-1 (AD 1022-1063) in memory of her late husband. Bhimdev-1 was the son of Molaraja, founder of the Solanki dynasty of Anilwara Patan, once the capital of Gujarat.
According to the reports, after the disappearance of Saraswati river for nearly seven centuries, the property was buried under the layers of odor. The WA was found by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and the excavation started here in 1958. The engraving was found in ancient times when it was opened by the Archaeological Survey of India. Restoration started in 1982 and was completed in 1988.
The 7-story statues of idols and relief panels represent the height of Maru-Gurjara style. Five of the original seven floors are present and only half of the idols are alive.
This spectacular pre-facing step, with a series of steps, pavilions, walls left by over 1,500 statues, provides access to water in deep well. These are taking steps for the deep well. Well, measures about 64 meters long, 20 meters wide and 27 meters depth.
This place has a wonderful architecture on sandstone and it is one of the largest and most elaborate structures of its kind. Canned corridor at regular interval with Stepped Multi-Story Pavilion Only a part of the west well exists, from which it seems that the wall is made of brick and facing the stone. From the wall project, vertical brackets in pairs, properly tie up the tires, and well out the various shaft galleries. Bracketing is completely carved.
It is said that a small gate below the last step of the well was opened in the 30-km tunnel in the form of an entrance gate to the King of Sidhpur near Patan during the defeat in the war.
There are beautiful carvings of Vishnu in Vav, which are saints and various female figures like Apsaras (Divine Dancers), Nagakyansas (mythological serpent women), and Yoginis, along with other avatars Kalki, Ram, Mahishasuramardini, Narasimha, Vamana, Varahi, and others. (Women who practice yoga).
Anybody can see at the water level, Cereal-carving of Vishnu, in which Vishnu returns to thousands of hooded serpent Shisha. Some carvings in the Queen’s Wave look like reflective clothing in the area.
Approximately 50-60 years ago, the accumulated water in the queen of water said that Ayurvedic plants had medicinal properties.