During their meeting number 43, Unesco has decided to designate Jaipur, the Pink City of India, as a new World Heritage Site. And we can not be more proud.
Jaipur: New Unesco Heritage in India
Nahargarh Fort, in Jaipur. © Rentacar Jaipur
As every year, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco) decided to meet this July in Baku (Azerbaijan) to choose those patrimonies that would swell the already extensive list of World Heritage Sites. humanity .
A day in which different countries were betting on their nominated assets, which were being named according to certain conditions of protection and universal value as a reflection of a certain culture.
But of all of them, the one that most attracted looks was undoubtedly the city of Jaipur, located in the state of Rajasthan and known as the Pink City of India . A new triumph that supposes the patrimony number 38 of the list of India , the sixth one with greater amount of designs of the world.
Founded in the year 1727 by the Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II , a great amateur of astronomy, Jaipur was built following a plan in the form of a grid based on Vedic architecture , Mughal and Rajput styles as well as different Western influences.
A city surrounded by a great wall of nine different entrances whose roads lead to different squares called chaupars and an old town famous for its monuments, bazaars but, especially, a characteristic pink color that floods everything.
Peacock motives in one of the entrances of City Palace. © Pixabay
Despite the many legends surrounding the origin of the pink color that reigns in the city, it is known that Sawai Jai himself used a type of pink stucco present in the vicinity of the area in order to imitate the color of the sandstone. A first exercise that would be reinforced after the arrival of the Prince of Wales to Jaipur in 1905, a time taken by the city to return to paint all pink places already somewhat eroded.
Magical and charismatic, the city of Jaipur evokes the charm of those Indian tales starring princesses and maharajas, the elephants tattooed with colorful mantras, the bazaars of sumptuous saris or some of the most characteristic monuments of India, among them the Hawa Mahal , or Palace of the Winds , whose 953 windows were the only conduit for contact between the women of the king’s harem and the outside.
Other of the most characteristic places include the City Palace , an exquisite sample of the Rajput and Mughal styles in the form of exotic frescoes and sumptuous courtyards, Jantar Mantar , astronomical observatory built for the whims of Sawai Jai Singh II or, especially, Amber Fort , located 11 kilometers from the city and famous for its enormous fortress, its lobby full of mirrors or its exotic gardens.
Panorama of the famous Ambert Fort. © Pixabay
While these are some of the most prominent places to visit in Jaipur, the city is full of corners that evoke a piece of history and color: Patrika Gate , an arch of hundreds of colors turned into an Instagram sensation, cinemas like the mythical Raj Mandir where you can watch a Bollywood movie, or bazaars like the Chandpole Bazaar , ideal for spices, and the Johari Bazaar , which concentrates some of the main jewelries in the city, with diamonds being one of the most sought after products in this city. dream.
Patrika Gate, in Jaipur. © Instagram Viewer
Despite certain requirements regarding the conservation of heritage, Jaipur is already one of the new Unesco Heritage designated in July 2019 along with many others around the world:
City of Bagan, in Myanmar. © Ostello Bello
- The 2000 pagodas of the city of Bagan, in Myanmar.
- The Vatnajökull National Park of Iceland.
- The ancient city of Babylon in Iraq.
- The archaeological site of troglodyte origin of Risco Caído, the Spanish island of Gran Canaria.
- Dam and water management system of Augsburg, in Germany.
- The mining region of Erzgebirge / Krunohoí, shared between Germany and the Czech Republic.
- Fields and breeding infrastructure of the Kladruber horse from Kladruby Nad Labem, in the Czech Republic.
- The Guggenheim in New York with other works by Frank Lloyd.
- Prehistoric mining region of Krzemionki, in Poland.
City of Paraty. © Pixaybay
- The colonial city of Paraty, in Brazil.
- The beautiful Ilha Grande, also from Brazil.
- Different territories of the French southern seas.
- The Ohrid region in Northern Macedonia.
- Churches of Peskov, in Russia.
- Former metallurgical furnaces of Burkina Faso.
- The historical city of Sheki, in Azerbaijan.
- The mining region of Krzemionki in Poland.
- The Hircanian forests of Iran.
- The set of kofun, or funerary piles of Ancient Japan still present in Osaka.
- The observatory of Jodrell Bank in England.
- The cultural landscape of Budj Bim in Australia
- The Real Work of Mara, real residence of Lisbon, in Portugal.
- The Sanctuary of the Good Jesus of the Mount in Braga, also in Portugal.
- The archaeological remains of the city of Liangzhu of China.
Bird Reserve of the Yellow Sea and Bohai Gulf
- Bird Sanctuary of the Yellow Sea and Gulf of Bohai, also in China.
- Seowon (or neo-Confucian academies of South Korea.
- Wine production site of prosecco in Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, in Italy.
- The water management system in Augsburg, in Germany.
- The megalithic zones of Xiengkhovang in Laos.
- Petroglyphs Siksikáítsitapi, rock formations in Canada.
- Jodrell Bank, in the United Kingdom.
- Tombs Dilmun, in Bahrain.
Local women in the stepped well of Panna, in Jaipur. © andBeyond
A celebration of art and culture that we have already begun thanks to a timeless city of Jaipur, whose vivid colors make it one of the mandatory stops during that next trip to India .