The Indian state of Rajasthan is famous for its royal heritage. Formed by the union of many princely states ruled mainly by Rajputs, Rajasthan has many forts and palaces. Some of these palaces and forts are associated with important historical events as well. Nahargarh Fort, along with other two forts viz., Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort, once formed a strong defense for Jaipur city. Built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734, this fort was originally named Sudarshangarh Fort. Later, it was given a new name, Nahargarh, which means ‘residence of tigers’. Located in one of the world’s oldest mountain ranges, Aravali Hills, this fort gives you a breathtaking view of the beautiful surroundings. One of the major tourist attractions of Jaipur, Nahargarh Fort is known for its extended wall, which connects it to the fort of Jaigad.
History of Nahargarh Fort
The fort of Nahargarh was built in 1734 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, founder of Jaipur, on the Aravali Hills, as a place to retreat. The fort of Nahargarh is connected to the fort of Jaigad through its fortifications. It is believed that the construction of this fort was interrupted by the spirit of Rathore Rajkumar, Nahar Singh Bhomiya. However, the soul was quieted when a temple dedicated to him was built inside the fort. Sawai Ram Singh renewed this fort in 1868.
The architecture of the fort
The fort follows the Indo-European architecture and there are many structures inside the fort. On the left side of the entrance ‘Tadiget’, there is a temple dedicated to the god of Jaipur rulers. Apart from this, there is another temple inside the fort, which is dedicated to Rathore Rajkumar, Nahar Singh Bhomiya. Another attraction in the fort is ‘Madhavendra Bhawan’ built by Sawai Madho Singh. This is a two-storeyed building with suites for the king and its twelve queens. It is divided into nine similar apartments and each of these apartments has lobbies, bedrooms, toilets, kitchens, and stores. Other structures inside the palace include the Dewan-e-Mango, an open-air attachment where the king met ordinary people and listened to their problems and complaints.
The fort was never attacked on Nahargarh, but in the 18th century, some of the major historical events like the Treaty with the Maratha forces that attacked Jaipur were seen. This fort sheltered many Europeans in this area, including the wife of the British resident, during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857.
Located 2.7 km from the fort, Jantar Mantar is one of the five astronomical observatories in west-central India. Other places of the nearby tour are the City Palace, Hawa Mahal, Jamalahal, Jaigad Fort and Amber Fort. Located in a beautiful backdrop of the Aravalli hills, Nahargarh Fort offers a breathtaking view of the hill million. The wonderful trek from the foot of the hill to the top, where the fort is located, is really a great experience.
This city is very well connected to other parts of the country and the world through the means of transportation. The domestic airport is 7 km from the main city of Sanganer, while the international airport is 10 km away. The airport connects the city with major metro cities all over India and abroad. From the airport, you can rent a taxi or bus and reach the desired destination around and around Jaipur. If you want to travel by train, the railway station is 5 km away and it is well connected to the main city. There are many trains connecting Jaipur with various cities across India. There are three main railway junctions in the city, the main station in Jaipur, one in Gandhinagar and the third in Durgapur. From the railway station, you can take a bus, an auto rickshaw or rent a taxi and you can reach the main city. If you are an avid lover of comfort and luxury, then “Palace on Wheels”, a fantastic train, is the right choice for you.