Rishikesh is a city in Uttarakhand state of Dehradun district of India. According to 2001, Rishikesh’s total population is 75,020 (53% male and 47% female). Rishikesh Garhwal is located at a distance of 409 meters from the sea level in the foothills of the Himalayan range and is surrounded by the Shivalik border. 35 kilometers from Rishikesh Haridwar, 90 kilometers from Mussoorie, Jolly Grant Airport is 25 km away from Dehradun and 240 km from New Delhi.
Rishikesh has a spectacular view of wildly worn hills. Rishikesh also confronts the Ganges and the Chandrabhaga river. The proud attraction of Rishikesh is that Ganga itself is none other than the great river, which is running fast all over the city. In ancient times and still so many yogis, sage, sage, and sannyasis attracted Rishikesh to practice yoga in this peaceful place. Since then, Rishikesh is known as the resident of the Rishi. Rishikesh is a holy city with so many ashrams and it is famous for yoga throughout the world. Rishikesh is now famous as the world’s yoga capital. Every year during the month of March, Rishikesh organizes a one-week long International Yoga Festival.
Rishikesh is also known as the gateway of the four Dham. There are four popular holy temples at Char Dham Hills (Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri). Thousands of people attract Rishikesh every year to learn spiritual relief, peace, learning yoga and take a plunge for salvation. Among them were the famous Beatles, Kate Winslet, and many other celebrities. It is believed that in Rishikesh, meditation can get “immemorial” (liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth) and a holy dip in the Ganges River.
Apart from spirituality, Rishikesh is also the center for adventure activities like rafting, camping, trekking, and bungee jumping. Rishikesh is full of tourist all the time. There are big ashrams here, centers for yoga, meditation, Ayurvedic massage, and astrology are here. Rishikesh is also called the white water rafting capital of India.
Two big suspension bridges play a major role in daily life (like the nervous system in the body) of Rishikesh. These two bridges are known as Ram Jhula and Lakshman Jhula (after the Ramayana heroes, Lord Ram and their brother Lakshman, who used to cross the Ganges river after reaching the hills in Rishikesh.)Rishikesh, Ram Jhula (Shivanand Nagar), Muni Ki Ratti, Laxman Jhula or Tapovan and Paradise Ashram, Pashulok Barrage, Dhalwala, 14 Bigha and Shisham Zari are loosely divided into many parts.
Ram Jhula can take a boat to share a base or cross over the river from the Jhula while walking on the bridge. Both sides of the bridge are always in the crowd with clothes, sacred pearls, shawls, precious and semi-precious stones, reproductions of deities, astrological gems, ayurvedic medicines and Vedic texts along with signs of yoga, meditation classes, and Ayurvedic massages.
On the other side of the bridge is known as Swarg Ashram Area. Many big ashrams like Paradise Ashram, Geeta Bhawan, and Paramarth Niketan are here. When you cross the river temples, you are welcome with your crafted deities and music shops, you are welcome for divine sacraments.
In the evening, beautiful Ganga Festival (Ganga Arti) is organized in Parmarth Niketan and Triveni Ghat. Brahmin pundits (priests) do Ganga Pooja (ritual worship) with Vedic hymns, hands shocks, and drums (tabla). Hundreds of people come to see this pooja and offer cups of leaves, which are full of flowers and small oil lamps to the Goddess. The light shining light, the lamp, the river Ganga and the auspicious atmosphere create such a great visual and emotion that can attract anyone to join prayer, even those visitors outside of India who are Vedic Can not understand songs.
History of Rishikesh
The entire area (Garhwal) described in Skanda Purana was famous as Kedarakand in the past. According to the Skanda Purana, this region has been named as Qujamak because here Lord Vishnu appeared in Raibha Rishi under a common tree. Raiba Rishi chose the place for his long austerity (austerity or austerity), Lord Vishnu was pleased with his work and the Rishi appeared as “Rishikesh”. The word is a combination of two words Rishik and ASH. Rishik means the meaning of the senses and ASH is God or Guru. It means the God of the senses. The place Mythana says, as follows: “Raibha Rishi preferred the sanctity and beauty of the place where Lord Vishnu appeared, so he remained in the form of deepest plants, which looked like his necklace. The idea of Raibha Rishi, Sage Kesh or Rishikesh, or the region of the sage (sage) recognized as the hair. The Skanda Purana mentions that Lord Vishnu blessed Raibha Rishi and gave this divine message to him: “When you have demonstrated the highest austerity (austerity) by controlling your senses, then this place is called Rishikesh (Lord Harishikhaa, all the senses Should be identified as the owner).
This place is also known as the place where Lord Vishnu defeated powerful monster Madhu. According to Ramayana, Lord Rama worked hard to kill Ravana Ravana. Laxman (brother of Lord Rama) crossed the river by Jute Bridge, which is known as Laxman Jhula. Jute Bridge was replaced by Iron suspension bridge in 1889. Compared to the bridge, the damaged bridge in 1924 flood was replaced by a new bridge.
Legends also mention that Lord Agni (God of Fire) has austerity for Lord Shiva. According to legends, Lord Shiva used poison which was obtained with the nectar (nectar) during the marine Manthan (sea churn). The place is now known as Nilkant Mahadev Temple. Kuneyand was the first person to rule the area. Later kings and Naga kings ruled here. In 1398, Vatsara was the king of the region. Ajaypal was the king during 1493 1500. From 1804 to 1815, Gorkha Kings ruled the whole region. The East India Company came here after 1815. After independence, the area has merged in Uttar Pradesh. Uttaranchal became independent from Uttar Pradesh in November 2000. Uttaranchal was named as Uttarakhand since January 2007.
In 1880, Swami Danaraj Giri established the Kailash Ashram. Swami Sivananda (1887-19 63) founder “The Devin Life Society” lived here in Muni’s Rati for three decades. Parmarth Niketan Astab /> has vanished by Swami Shukadevanandji. In the 1960s, the Beatles came to Rishikesh to study yoga, and since then the city has itself styled as “the world’s yoga capital”.
Attractions in Rishikesh-
Triveni Ghat – In the Rishikesh, Triveni Ghat is the highest bathing ghat. Located near the main market, this ghat has panoramic views of the mountain and river. The reason for the name is that it is believed to be the conference of 03 rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Puranic Saraswati. Due to the conference, this ghat is a very good place to bathe. The ghat is the structure of those stages where people can assess the river for the holy bath. Ganga celebrations (Ganga Arti) are organized every evening in the Ghat. (5 o’clock in the winter and 6 o’clock in the summers) it is a beautiful place to sit on the banks of the river and see the hill and river with the cold river breeze. Triveni Ghat is located just 100 meters away from the main market. Small shrine temples are also located near the Triveni Ghat.
Lakshman Jhula– Big Iron suspension bridge on river Ganga which is 4.5 km away from Rishikesh. It is believed that Lakshman (brother of Lord Rama) crossed the river with jute rope here. The present bridge was built in 1929 when the old bridge (constructed 1989) was damaged in the flood. Lakshman swing is popular with tourists for shopping and other activities such as rafting. There are many different shops on both sides of the bridge, along with buying interesting things. Laxman Temple and Tera Mandal Mandir are also located here. From the bridge, you can see the magnificent views of the river and the city. Lakshman Jhula is a pedestrian bridge but it is also used for the bike.
Ram Jhula– The suspension bridge, known as Laxman Jhula, is known as Ram Jhula or Sivananda Jhula between Shivanand Ashram and Swarg Ashram. The boat is also available on the basis of boat sharing to cross the river. There are so many shops available on both sides of the bridge for shopping. Sivananda Ashram, Yog Niketan Ashram, and Omkaranand are located on one end of the ashram bridge and on the other end are Paradise Ashram, Geeta Bhawan, and Parmarth Niketan Ashram. Ram Jhula is a pedestrian bridge but it is also used for the bike.
Parmarth Niketan Ashram – Parmarth Niketan Ashram is situated in Paradise Ashram region. There are many rooms for the devotees as well as the tourist for the ashram. There are many religious sculptures in the ashram. Parmarth Niketan is also hosting to the International Yoga Festival every year. The ashram is popular among tourists for yoga. Everyday Ganga Arti Festival is held in the Ashram Ghat on the evening. (5 pm in the winter and 6 a.m. in summers. Arati is widely seen by tourists.
Neelkhant Mahadev Temple– This temple is situated at a height of 1325 meters and is 31 km from Rishikesh. Neelkanth Mahadev is the temple of Lord Shiva. According to mythology Lord Shiva had come here for meditation when he ate poison during sea churning. Because of the poison, Lord Shiva’s throat became the blue color, hence he is known as the Blue Throated. Thousands of tourists visit this temple during Shivaratri and Kanwar Mela. Temple trekking route and Paradise Ashram can be reached by road as well. Temple time: 05 am to 01 pm and from 04 pm to 9 pm.
Shivanand Ashram– Shivanand Ashram is also known as Divine Life Society. It is located near the Ram Jhula. Shivanada Ashram was established by Swami Sivananda. Swami Shivada was here for more than 30 years. Many activities like yoga meditation and hospital are done by the ashram. There are rooms for guests at Shivanand Ashram. There are meditation halls, yoga halls and music halls in the ashram. Shivanand Ashram is one of the most popular ashrams in Rishikesh.
Bharat Mandir-Bharat Mandir temple is located in the center of Rishikesh and near the main market. It is one of the oldest temples of Rishikesh. Lord God of the temple is Lord Vishnu. Raiba Rishi performed austerity here and Lord Vishnu appeared to bless the sage. There is also a small museum in the temple. Bharat Mandir Mandir is within the Rishikesh Bazaar area and Chandrabhaga Bridge (temple time: 05 am to 11 am and 3 pm to 9 pm) can be easily reached.
Geeta Bhawan– Geeta Bhawan (Geeta Bhawan) is located in Ashram Paradise Ashram Area. The ashram has speech halls and more than 300 rooms which are offering tourists at a very low cost. There is also a temple inside the ashram. The lessons of the Bhagavad Gita are written on the walls of the ashram. Inside the temple, you can see the life of Lord Krishna in pictures. Clothes store, bookstore, ayurvedic drugstore and restaurant are part of it.
Swarg Ashram– Swarg Ashram is the area between Lakshman Jhula and Rishikesh. This place is well known for various famous ashrams, beautiful surroundings, healthy and divine life. There are also many shops for shopping here. Location is available from the road through walking through the Ram Jhula bridge or via the barge. Parmarth Niketan, Geeta Bhawan, Bhootnath Temple and many other infiltrating places are part of Paradise Ashram region.
Tera Manzil Mandir: There are Tera Manzil Mandir. There are several small temples with different deities in each floor, this temple is situated near Lakshman Jhula. The view from the top of the temple is amazing. The temple is also called Trimbakeshwar Temple, Trambakeshwar Temple or Kailash and Mission Trust.
The Beatles Ashram-The Beatles Ashram is situated in Swarg Ashram, this Ashram is closed in 1997 and it is consumed by the Forest Department. There are still some buildings like meditation cells and lecture halls are in the form of witness to the glory of the ashram. In February 1968 Beatle was here to learn yoga and meditation. After the Beatle, Rishikesh Yoga came to light the whole world.
Jungle vibes– Here you can learn to make some musical instruments from Indian aged men Mukesh Dhiman. Australian Djajardidae and African Zambay are specialties of Mukesh.
Other Places to visit in Rishikesh– Bhootnath Temple, Iskcon Temple, Ash Path, Raghunath Temple, Rishikund, Paradise Niwas Temple, Sea Drive, Rishikesh Main Market, Chandreshwar Mahadev Temple and Goa Beach.