The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal empire until about 1857, for about 200 years. Red Fort / Red Fort is in Delhi. During the Mughal regime, the Red Fort was in the form of the main fort, almost all the events of the British used to be in the Red Fort. The Red Fort was built in 1648 by the fifth Mughal Empire Shah Jahan as its castle. Red Fort was completely made of red stones because of its name is Red Fort.
Like the Salimgarh Fort built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546, the Red Fort was also constructed. In this beautiful fort theater stage is made, which is connected to the channel of water and it is called Canal-e-Bahursh.
This fort represents the creativity of Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. This fort was built according to Muslim traditions and models. In Red Fort, we see a replica of the Muslim palace, along with the image of Persian traditions also we see in the Red Fort.
There is also a lovely garden outside the fort but the Garden built in the Red Fort looks a bit different from the Garden of Delhi, Rajasthan, Punjab, Kashmir, Braj, and Rohilkhand. Along with the fort of Salimgarh, the Red Fort was also included in the 2007 UNESCO World Heritage site.
On Independence Day (August 15), the Prime Minister of India hovers the Tricolor at the main gate of Red Fort and also gives a speech.
History of Red Fort Delhi
When Shah decided to transfer his capital from Agra to Delhi in 1638, the Red Fort was built. In fact, if the white and red shah is the favorite color, the red fort was designed by architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, and he also constructed the Taj Mahal.
This fort is built near Yamuna river, and due to this, the wall of the Red Fort also looks beautiful. Construction of the Red Fort was started on 13th May 1638. And where Shah’s construction was completed in 1648 Similar to the other Mughal kiosks, the fort built on the border of the fort remains asymmetric like the fort of Salimgarh.
Delhi was called Shahjahanabad due to the formation of a charming red fort at that time. During the reign of Shah, the Red Fort was considered a symbol of the creativity of his reign. After Shah, where his successor Aurangzeb had also constructed a mosque made of artificial pearls, Aurangzeb made a lot of changes to make the entry door even more charming.
The Aurangzeb collapsed in the construction of the kilo made by the Mughal empires, and during the 18th century, heavy losses in the Mughal period and the Khel and Mahlow were also damaged. When Jahan Shah had captured Red Fort in 1712, for about 30 years the Red Fort was without the ruler. But just a year before the reign of Shah, where Shah was murdered, and replaced by Farrukhsiyar. To improve the economic condition of its state, the silver roof was converted to a copper roof.
In 1719 the Red Fort decorated with the famous Muhammad Shah by his name as Rangila. In 1739 Persian ruler Nadir Shah easily defeated the Mughal army. Later Nadir Shah returned to Persia three months later, but before leaving, he completely demolished the Mughal cities. In this way, the name of Shahjahanabad was Delhi due to the weakness of the Mughal rulers, and in 1752, they entered into a settlement of Delhi’s security with Maratha.
In 1758, Marathas conquered Lahore and Peshwa was also struggling with Ahmad Shah Durrani. In 1760, the Marathas removed the roof of the Diwan-i-Khas, to increase the revenue, because they needed huge revenues to defeat Ahmad Shah Durrani’s army.
In 1761, when Marathas lost in Panipat’s third battle, Ahmed Shah Durrani raided Delhi. After 10 years, Shah Alam got the Delhi Takht with the help of Maratha.
In 1783, Sikh Missal Karorishingia, along with Baghel Singh Dhaliwal, acquired Delhi and Red Fort. Later, however, Sikh Shah agreed to make Alam a ruler and it was agreed that Mughal would build seven gurdwaras for Sikh Gurus in Delhi.
During the Battle of Delhi during the Anglo-Maratha War in 1803, the British East India Company defeated the Maratha army and ended the rule of Maratha from the Red Fort and the East India Company took control over the Red Fort.
After the war, the British took the Red Fort under its control and declared it its place of residence. The last Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah II, finally took possession of the fort during the revolution of 1857.
But despite being such a huge Mughal power, during the 1857 Mughal British could not save the Red Fort against the British. After defeating the British, Bahadur Shah II left the Red Fort on September 17. Later he became the prisoner of the British but in 1858 he was tried and he was sent to Rangoon on October 7 of that year.
By the end of the Mughal rule, the British took control of their hands and the British had acquired all the Kg of the Mughals. After achieving, the British completely destroyed the Kilo furniture and also damaged Haram, Quarter and Garden of the fort and also destroyed them.
The Mughals built the Palace of Marble only to survive the atrocities of the British, except for them all the Mughal material was demolished by the British. And robbed them of precious stones of precious stones and looted them. If seen, 2/3 internal parts of the kilo had been demolished by the British, and only the charming wall remains in the fort.
But then Lord Curzon, who ruled India from 1899-1905, ordered the kilo and the repair of the walls of the fort. At the same time, he ordered the water he made in the forts and gave him water to improve.
After the defeat of Nadir Shah in 1747 and in 1857, India was defeated against the British, most precious metals of the fort were either robbed or they were stolen. It is said that the British rulers had given them a share of the private groups and had taken some valuable items to the British Museum.
It is said that his valuable belongings are still kept in the British Library and Albert Museum. Example Kohinoor diamond, Shah, where the green cup of wine and Bahadur Shah II are crowned in London. The British government has denied many of syphilis made by the Indians many times.
In 1911, the British King and Queen came to see the Delhi Darbar. To look after them, Mahlow and Koz were repaired from Bahat at that time. After this, the Archaeological Museum of the Red Fort was also transferred from Drum House to Mumtaz Mahal.
In the hearing of the INA, which is also called the hearing of the Red Fort, in the presence of the Indian National Army (INA) officers were given the court and war-related training. For the first time, this training was taken in 1945 in the Red Fort on November and December.
On August 15, 1947, India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the Indian tricolor at Lahore Gate. From then on every Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hovers the Tricolor on Red Fort and also gives speeches which are broadcast nationally.
After independence, many changes were made in the Red Fort and the Red Fort was being used for continuous military training. The Red Fort was under the supervision of the soldiers until December 22, 2003. In 2009 CCIF (Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan) made considerable decisions to make Red Fort stronger.
Some Facts about Red Fort New Delhi-
- His name is on the marginal walls of the fort. -To be the high boundary wall of the fort means more protection of the fort. Since the Red Fort has been reddened, the British kept its name Red Fort and the local people changed the name to the fort as the Red Fort.
- The Red Fort is actually white. – Yes, it is called Red Fort but in reality, it is not made of red color. According to the Indian Survey of Archaeological, some parts of the fort are made of Nimbo (Lime) stones. But when the white stones started to get worse, the British gave them the red color.
- Kohinoor Diamond is a part of its furniture. – Kohinoor diamond Shah was a part of the Taj. The Shah, where he used to sit in his Divan-i-Special, wearing the crown that was made of solid gold, and which had precious metal, is said that Kohinoor Diamond is the world’s most precious diamond.
- It took 10 years to build the Red Fort / Red Fort. -We all know that at that time there was not enough resources and facilities available for construction work. But the finest architect of that time, Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmad, started its construction in 1638 and its construction work was completed in 1648, meaning it took 10 years to complete it.
- There is also a water gate in the fort. -There is also a water drainage door in the fort. By the way, it is a river bank and the name of the river is Yamuna river. There has been a lot of change in the river in so many years but the name of the river has not changed.
- Lal Kila’s main entrance is called the Lahore Gate. -The Red Fort has two entrances – Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate. Because of Shah’s attraction to Lahore, he was named as the Lahore Gate. The biggest attraction for people is that of India-Pakistan only.
- It can also be called a color palace properly. – Rang Mahal – which means the palace of palaces – was actually the residence of the wives and slaves of the government. The emperor was very lucky because he lived in the palace’s palace so that he could easily have dinner with his queens.
- -Red Fort is made in the octagonal shape. -Considering the Birds Eye View, Red Fort was also made in an octagonal shape.
- Bahadur Shah was imprisoned by the British in his own Lal Kila. – After defeating the British, the British had made a prisoner in his palace in Bahadur Shah, and after being found guilty, he left the Diwan-i-Special and was sent to Rangoon.
- Red Fort today is a World Heritage Site. – In 2007, UNESCO declared it the World Heritage Site, considering the importance and history of the Red Fort. It is a matter of great pride for India.
- The British had demolished the fort. – When the Mughal rule was over, the British suffered huge damage to Lal Kila, and the British had the right to the fort. British looted valuable jewels and metal bags installed in the fort and also destroyed the furniture. That is why it is said that the precious red fort was abolished by the British.