Sanchi Stupa is a Buddhist monument, which is the third century BC. are from the middle of the twelfth century. This stupa is a famous tourist spot located in the Saanchi village of Madhya Pradesh, about 46 km from Bhopal city. There are three stupas and it is one of the most protected stupas in the country. ‘Sanchi’ is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in 1989.
The great main stupa of Sanchi, originally from Emperor Ashoka the Great, was in the third century BC. Was built in. There was a semi-circular brick-built structure in its center, in which some of Buddha’s remains were kept. At its peak was a parasol symbolized by the high honor given to the monument. Its business was handed over to Ashoka the Great’s wife Devi, who was the daughter of the businessman of Vidisha. Sanchi was also the place of marriage of his birthplace and the marriage of him and the emperor Ashoka the Great. It is a symbol of love, peace, faith, and courage. Its height is approximately 16.4 meters and its diameter is 36.5 meters.
Even though the slightest semi-circular structures seem to be visible from the stupa of Sanchi, but its magnificence, specificity, and nuances are found only after visiting the statue. That is why a large number of Buddhists, tourists, researchers, scholars visit the unmatched structure of the country and the world. Sanchi stupas were formed in several periods, which is believed to have been from the third century BC to the middle of the twelfth century. When Gautam Buddha sacrificed his body in 483 BC, his followers to fight on the remains of his body, the king started fighting among themselves. In the end, a Buddhist saint understood and resolved by distributing the parts of the remains of his body in them. Initially, eight stupas were created and thus, after the Nirvana of Gautam Buddha, the propagation of Buddhism began to be considered as the symbol of these stupas.
This famous place, where a great stupa, constructed by Ashoka, whose magnificent archway and the world famous sculpture made on them are among the best examples of ancient architecture and sculpture of India. The famous Ashtashalini Nagar of Buddhism is located near Vidisha (Bhilsa). It seems that in the Buddhist period, the Sanchi, the metropolis, was a suburb of Visha and a vihar-place.In the opinion of Sir John Marshall, Kalidas, which is described as Nichgiri by the name of Meghdoot near Vidisha, is a hill of Saatchi. It is said that Ashoka had built this beautiful stupa in the Sanchi on the request of his beloved wife Devi. Devi was the daughter of Vidisha, the daughter of a felicitation and Ashoka married him at that time when she was the goddess of Vidisha during her father’s reign.
The stupa of the actual brick was later covered with stones in Shuang’s time. On the basis of Ashoka Veda, it was believed that the stupa was broken in the second century, but it is believed that the Shuang’s Emperor, Pushyamitra Shunga, became the commander of the Mauryan Empire Had taken. It is said that Pushyamitra had damaged the actual stupa and broke it and his son Agnimitra rebuilt it. Later, during the reign of Shuang, stupas were decorated with stones and now Stupa had become even more enormous than its actual size. Its diameter increased by 70 feet to 120 feet and height to 54 feet. There was also a circle in a central part, which was also known by the local people as the Dharma Chakra but later that same cycle became known as the cycle of law. While rebuilding it was made by four jewelers here too.
This place has been named as ‘Kaknadbot’ in many records from the Sanchi. Of these, 131 of the secret (450-51) is related to the reign of Kumaragupta I. It is mentioned in the donation of some money to the name of Aryansang in Kaknadbot by worshiper Harishwamini, wife of Buddhist worshiper, Sansidha. Another article is engraved on a pillar, which is related to Vaisharswamin, son of Gosurasinhah. This is also the period of time.
Establishment of Sanchi In the propagation of Buddhism and its education, Ashoka was the greatest contributor to the great King of the Mauryan period. To reach Buddha’s message to the world, he started work under a well-planned plan. First of all, he gave the Buddhist religion a political campaign. They constructed a large number of stupas by sending away the old stupas and sending them to the neighboring countries including 84,000 of the remaining residues. Turn these stupas into permanent structures so that they can last for a long time. Among the places where monarch Ashoka built Buddhist monuments in India, Sanchi was also one which was known from ancient name Kankenva, Kakania. Then it had developed into a major center of Buddhist education. In the travel narrative of Hain Song, there is no mention of going to Buddha from the understanding of the Buddha. It is possible that Sanchi’s proximity to Ujjaini and the journey from east to west and north to south is also due to its establishment.
Sanchi’s story remained until the Rajput era, but during the time of Aurangzeb, the center of Buddhism was lost in Sanchi’s oblivion. After this, thick trees and trees grew up around here. When Colonel Taylor came here in the 19th century, he found Sanchi stupa in bad condition. They self-administer and organize them. Some historians believe that they dig into the wealth of wealth in which it has a great loss of its structure. Later the Puravid Marshal restored them. Finding all the constructions of Sanchi in the midst of dense bushes around and restoring their original shape was extremely difficult, but he wisely helped in returning its old Kirti to some extent.
Facts about Sanchi Sputa
According to some people, foreigners who come to see the stupa also become Buddha’s devotees and they start worshiping them. Some types of festivals are also celebrated at the Buddhist Stupa.
Sanchi stupa is considered to be very ancient in India. For the people of Buddhism, it is similar to a holy pilgrimage. The Stupa of Sanchi is said to be symbols of peace, holiness, religion, and courage.
This Stupa is built on a high hill There is a beautiful circus around it. Four rounds of sandstone stupa are situated on the four sides of the stupa, whose long stories are marked by the number of stories related to the life of the Buddha, especially the people mentioned in the form of a sculptor as a sculptor. In this sculptor, all the forms of ancient Indian life have been referred. Apart from humans, live pictures of animal-bird and tree-plants are the main feature of this art.
Simplicity, generality, and beauty of beauty are the inspirational power of the sculpture of Sanchi. Buddha Stupa, Sanchi In this sculptor the statue of Gautama Buddha cannot be found because at that time Buddha was not worshiped as an idol in the form of deity.
The word ‘stupa’ is believed to be derived from Sanskrit and Pali, which means ‘pile’. Initially keeping the remains of Tathagata in the central part, they were given circular shape by putting soil stone on it. These were made of such masonry from the outside bricks and stones so that the stumps could not have any impact on the weather. There is no womb house like a temple in stupas, like a temple. Stupa, built by Ashok in Sanchi, was special from earlier stupas.
Near the stupas of Sanchi, there are remains of a Buddhist monastery where the Buddhist monks lived. This is the huge stone bowl that gives food to the monks. There are four dozen small minor structures including Maurya, Shung, Kushan, Satvahan and Gupton residues.