Gateway of India, one of the majestic landmarks and the most photographed monument in the city of Mumbai, was created in 1911 to celebrate King George V and Queen Mary’s visit to India. But the construction was completed a few years after his visit.
After the independence of August 1947, the last British unit to leave India, Somerset Light Infantry, after attending a huge formal parade through Gateway on February 28, 1948. A spectacular silver replica battalion of the Gateway of India was presented by the Indian army. Gateway of India, facing the port of Mumbai, gives a spectacular view of the Arabian sea at the tip of Apollo Monkey in the Colaba area of South Mumbai. In the past, this colonial historical structure welcomed many viceroys, governors and top civil servants of India. Today Domed Basalt Archway serves as the main tourist center of Mumbai.
The foundation of Gateway of India was laid on March 31, 1911, by Sir George Sidenham Clarke, the then governor of Bombay. Designed by Scottish architect George Vittet, this construction was completed in 1924 and on December 4, 1924, the reading of the Arloy Viceroy opened to the public.
Built in the Indo-Saracenic style, the Gateway has elements of 16th-century Muslim style of Gujarat, and yellow Kharodi is made of basalt and reinforced concrete. The gateway has carved four towers and complex lattice on the base tower. The central dome is 15 meters in diameter and its top is 26 meters. The total cost of construction of gateway is Rs. 21 lakhs which were born mainly by the Indian government. The front of the entire port was given the reality to come up with the schematic Esplanade, which was never built due to lack of funds, and so Gateway stands at a curious angle on the road that is reaching till now.
There is a lawn in front, where people can relax and can see hundreds of pigeons who swarm together. This place is also a famous film shooting spot. A beautiful statue of Maratha leader Shivaji, who was sitting on his horse, was made in 1960, and the idol of social reformer Swami Vivekananda stood nearby.
Close to Gateway, India’s first five-star hotel, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel was built in 1903 by the Parasi industrialist JN Tata and designed by W. Chambers. It is a magnificent structure that exhibits the marsh effect and is crowned by a red roof dome. The original structure is now connected to the modern skyscraper, Taj Mahal Intercontinental. Both have a great view on the east side of Elephanta Island, behind the Gateway, there are steps to go underwater. Always the rush, the yachting facility is available here. For a small cruise through the magnificent natural seaport of Mumbai, and for the excursions of the famous Elephanta caves, small motor boats can rent. Boats get out of the gateway all day.