Hampi was the capital of the medieval Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar empire. Located on the bank of the Tungabhadra river, this city is now known as ‘Hampi’. This ancient magnificent city is now left in the remains of the ruins only. Seeing the ruins of here it seems instinctive that at a time, a prosperous civilization resided in Hampi. Located in the Indian state of Karnataka, this city is also included in the list of ‘World Heritage Sites’ by UNESCO. Every year there are thousands of pilgrims and pilgrims. The vast dispersion of Hampi is detailed in the rocks of rock. There are more than five hundred memorial signs among the valleys and dunes. These include temples, palaces, basements, water-ruins, old markets, royal pavilions, strongholds, popes, treasury… There are many buildings etc.
Hampi is an ancient city and it has been mentioned in Ramayana too, according to historians, it was called by the name of Kishkindha, in fact, from the 13th to the 16th century this city was enriched as the capital of Vijayanagar kings. Hampi is a paradise for tourists and pilgrims. Every turn of Hampi is amazing. Every smack is more secret than it reveals, and Hampi is an open museum. Here the huge line of tourists is engaged. According to the statistics for 2014, Hampi is the most famous place in Karnataka to be found on Google.
History of Hampi
History of Hampi begins with the first century. At that time there was a workplace of Buddhists around it. According to Emperor Ashoka’s minor rock inscriptions Nutter and UdeGolan, this empire was part of the Ashoka empire during the 3rd century. Hampi later became the capital of the Vijayanagar empire. Vijayanagara was one of the largest empires of the Hindus. The two brothers, Harihar and Bukka, established this empire in 1336 AD. Krishna Deva Raya ruled here between 1509 and 1529 in Hampi and expanded his empire. Most of the remaining monuments in Hampi were built by Krishna Deva Rai. Here the fortress of four rows used to protect the city. The vast army of this empire protected it from other states. States of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh came under Vijaynagar empire. At that time, about 5,00,000 residents were living in Vijayanagara. After the death of Krishnadevaraya, this vast empire was destroyed in 1565 by the Muslim forces of Bidar, Bijapur, Golconda, Ahmednagar, and Berar. Located in the state of Karnataka, Hampi was known as Pampa and Kishkindha in the Ramayana period. The name Hampi was due to the temple of Hammadbhavi. The temple was built between eleventh to the thirteenth century. Longhurst detailed his book ‘Hampi Ruins’ in the ancient buildings of Vijayanagara.
Vijayanagar city is also known as Vidyanagar in honor of Rishi Vidyarthi. The monuments of this place were made from Harihar and Sadashiv Raya during E 1336-1570. In this period, a phenomenal scale saw the resurgence of Hinduism, art, architecture etc.
A mythological association is also associated with Hampi. According to the local people and folklore, this region was called the mythical Kishkinda monkey kingdom in Ramayana, and this is where Ram and Lakshman took refuge before going to Lanka to search for Sita. In today’s mountains and many places, there are stories about the stay of Sugriva, Bali, Hanuman, and Ram.
Hampi is famous for its religious history besides its beautiful architecture of Khandheras. There are many famous temples here. Tungabhadra river, one of the major rivers of Karnataka, flows in this city and provides a wonderful natural environment near these potholes. The natural stones of the surrounding mountains are the source of these huge rocky banks which were used by the kings of Vijayanagara for carved pillars of impressive stones of temples of Hampi.
In addition to the temples and natural scenery, there are many water tanks and other public buildings built here with great beauty, which show the town planning skills of the kings of Vijayanagara. The watershed and the canals here show a glimpse of the 13th-15th-century water management system.
Hampi is a city of temples, named after Pampa. Pampa is the old name of Tungabhadra river. Hampi is situated on the banks of this river. In the mythological treatise Ramayana, Hampi has also been mentioned as the capital of the monkey kingdom Kishkindha. Perhaps this is the reason why there are many monkeys here. Even today, some temples of Hampi worship Lord. Let’s know about some temples …
Vitthalaswami Temple– Vitthalaswamy’s temple is the highest in Hampi. This signifies the climax of Vijayanagar’s majesty and artwork. The well-being of the temple’s welfare is so subtle and intensive that it is made only after seeing it. The interior of the temple is 55 feet long. And in the middle, there is a high Vedika. The chariot of God Vithal Lord is cut from only one stone. Everywhere in the lower part of the temple is carved.
Virupaksha Temple– The innumerable temple is also known as the Palpati Temple, situated in the lower part of Hemkuta hills. It is the main of many attractions of Hampi. In 1509, during his anointing, Krishna Deva Raya had constructed Gopuda. This temple is dedicated to Lord Vithala or Lord Vishnu. There are many small temples inside this huge temple, which are also ancient from Vrpakaksha temple. In front of the temple is a huge Nandi stone, while on the south there is a huge statue of Lord Ganesha. Here is the 6.7-meter high statue of Narasimha, holding the body of half-lion and semi-human
Hampi Path– The main attraction of the Vithala temple is its chapel walls and stone chariot. They are known as musical pillars because the music is released from them by love. Stone chariot is a wonderful specimen of architecture. The stone is decorated with a temple built in it, which is in the form of a chariot. It is said that its wheels roamed, but the cement coating has been applied to save them.
Badavilinga – Which is located in front of Lakshmi Narasimha idol. Badavilinga is surrounded by water from all sides because the canal passes through this temple. It is believed that a poor resident of Hampi had taken the idea that if his faintness began to shine, he would have constructed Shivling. Badav means poor only.
Lakshmi Narasimha Temple – The Hampi Lakshmi Narasimha Temple or the Ugar Narasimha Temple is composed of large rocks, it is the tallest statue of Hampi. It is about 6.7 meters high. Narasimha is sitting on a trial. In fact, a small picture of Lakshmi ji on the knot of the idol remains, which became tarnished during the invasion of the Vijayanagar empire.
Hazara Rama Temple– This is a ruined temple which has great significance in Hindu theology. This temple is known for more than 1000 wooden excavations and inscriptions and ancient stories of Ramayana.
The Queen’s bath in Hampi is closed from all sides. This 15 m² bathhouse has a gallery, veranda and Rajasthani balcony. Sometimes the scented cold water in this bathhouse comes from a small lake, which was attached to the bathroom through the underground drain. This bathroom is surrounded and surrounded by the top.
Kamal Palace– Kamal Mahal is near Hazara Ram temple. This palace is a mixed form of the Indo-Islamic style. It is said that the women of the state families living near the Queen’s palace used to come here for Amod-Pramod. The palace arches are very attractive.
Raghunath Swami Temple– The Malayalam Raghunathaswamy temple is built in the ancient Indian style of architecture. The Mallavanta Raghunathaswamy Temple is made up of 3 kilometers from the ground. It has been a strange exhibition on the inner walls and the works of fish and sea creatures have also been made.
The House of victory– The House of Victory was the seat of the rulers of Vijayanagara. It was built in honor of Krishnadevaraya who defeated the kings of Odisha in the war. He used to sit on the huge throne of the house of Victory and watched the nine-day Dasara festival from here.
The Hampi’s Hedgehog is adjacent to the Genan area. This is a collapsible building used for state elephants. Eleven elephants could live together in each of its chambers. This is a fine example of Hindu-Muslim art formation.
More Attractions place in Hampi-Holy Center, Vestal Street, Achyut Rai Temple, Sasivekalu Ganesh, Royal Center, Mahanwami Dibba, Granaries, Harihar Palace Veera, Riverside Khandahar, Karely Crossing, Jajjal Mandap, Purandar Das Mandap, Talragatta Gate Ahmad Khan Mosque and Tomb, Kamalpur, Archeology Museum, Bhima’s Gateway, Gainigithi Temple, Gumbadar Gateway, Anagondi, Viruppur Gadade, Bukka’s Jal Setsu, Haakpa Mandap, Panda Sarovar, Matunga Hill.
Interesting things about Hampi
It is said that there is a story in every stone of Hampi. Here are two stone triangles connected in size. Both are identical to seeing, so they are called Sister Stones. A story is also prevalent behind it. Two jealous sisters came to visit Hampi, they started doing evil of Hampi. When the goddess of the city heard it, she turned the two sisters into a stone.
The famous musical Pillar remains in the temple. The British had always wanted to know the reason behind this miracle, and that is why they wanted to see that there was nothing inside Pillar that they broke the two pillars. But in Pillar, he did not find anything that sounds out. Today we see two pillars broken by the British.
The road that was attached to the temple used to be a market for selling horses at one go. Even today we see the market as a ruin. Even in the temple, we see photographs of some people selling horses.
It is believed that at one time Hampi was also a prosperous city from Rome. The ruins of the famous Medieval Vijayanagara state are present in Hampi. The ruins of the capital of this empire proclaim to the world that during its glory, indigenous artists had developed a different style of architecture, painting, and sculpture here. Hampi is a city surrounded by stones. Here is a beautiful chain of temples, so it is also called the city of temples.
Hampi is actually this village, which is quite backward in the pace of development. The residents here do not know exactly how it was used centuries ago. To reach the Vivekananda temple, the river has to be crossed through the boat, which is called the tappa in Kannada. The people here believe that Nev Vrindavan has life in the temple stones, so people are not allowed to touch them.
The Islamic quarter established here is sometimes called the Moorish Quarter, which is built between the Northern Maryland Mountains and the Targari Gate.
According to the archaeologist, high-ranking Muslim officers and chief men of the court and military officers live in this place.