Kumbhalgarh Fort is one of the famous forts of Mewar, which is situated on the Aravali mountain. This fort is located in Rajsamand of Udaipur district of Rajasthan, in the west of India. It is a World Heritage Site located in the hills of Rajasthan. It was constructed by Rana Kumbh in the 15th century, Kumbhalgarh is also the birthplace of great ruler Maharana Pratap.
Maharana Pratap was the great ruler and heroic warrior of Mewar. The fort which was occupied by the 19th century, but today this fort is also open to the common people. Kumbhalgarh is 82 km away from Udaipur road. After Chittorgarh, this is also included in the main Forts of Mewar. The Kumbhalgarh Fort Kumbhalgarh Fort is counted in the best and famous Koi of Mewar.
In 2013, in the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Penh, Cambodia, along with Kumbhalgarh fort, along with Rajasthan, too many other Forts were declared as World Heritage Site. UNESCO has included this in the list of kg of Rajasthan.
This fort, with a wall of 38 kilometers of the fort, is the second fort with the largest wall after the Great Wall of China, and it is the second largest fort after Rajasthan after the Chittorgarh Fort.
History of Kumbhalgarh Fort
Due to lack of adequate information about the history of this fort, we can not say much about the history of this fort. It is said that the ancient name of this fort was Chandrapur, whereas historian Sahib Hakeem named it Mahaur.
It is believed that the real fort was constructed by Raja of the Maurya Empire in the sixth century. History before the invasion of Alauddin Khilji in 1303 AD is still unclear. Today, the Kumbhalgarh fort is seen to be constructed by Hindu Sisodia Rajputs and it used to rule the same Aquarius. The Kumbhalgarh we see today was developed by our renowned architect Era, Madan.
The Mewar empire of Rana Kumbh extends from Ranthambore to Gwalior, which includes some parts of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. Total 84 fortifications were in their dominion, it is said that Rana Kumbh designed 32 kg of them.
Kumbhalgarh also separates Mewar and Marwar, and at that time the Karkas was used by the ruler of Mewar. A famous event happened here about Prince Uday, in 1535 this little prince was smuggled here, at that time in the Chittodara siege.
Later, Rajkumar Uday had established the city of Udaipur. After this, the fort was directly impregnable for the attack and due to the lack of water after one, the fort was badly damaged.
Raja Man Singh of Amber, Raja Uday Singh of Marwar, Mughal Emperor Akbar, and Gujarat, lacked water due to the lack of water for Mirza.
Ahmed Shah I of Gujarat invaded the fort in 1457 but his efforts were in vain. The local people believe that Banmata Devi, who was built in the fort, protects the fort and hence Ahmed Shah wanted to break the first fort.
After this, Mahmood Khilji, in 1458-59 and 1467, tried to attack the fort, but he also failed. It is said that from 1576 Akbar’s general Shabab Khan was in control of the fort.
In 1818, a group of Sanyasis decided to protect the fort, but later the Maratha took over the fort. After this Maharana of Mewar had made some changes, but the actual fort was built by Maharana Kumbh. And later the rest of the buildings and temple were also protected in the fort.
The culture of Kumbhalgarh Fort
Rajasthan Tourism Department every year in the memory of Maharana Kumbh, in the memory of three dins, a huge festival is organized in Kumbhalgarh. In this three-day festival, the fort is decorated with light. During this time, the performances of dance art, music art is also done by the local people.
Many other events are also organized in this festival such as the fort tour, turban bunding, stretch for battle and Mehdi Mandana etc.
The six fortresses of Rajasthan, mainly the Aamer Fort, Chittorgarh Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort and Ranthambore fort were included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 37th Meeting of World Heritage Site held in Penh in June 2013.
From the Kumbhalgarh Fort, famously known as the Rajputana ke Prahana, on the one hand, the greenery of the Aravali mountain range spread across hundreds of kilometers, with which it is surrounded, on the other side, the sand dunes of the Thar Desert also appear.
It is said that Kumbhalgarh fort is considered to be the strongest fort in the country, which it is impossible to win directly in the battle to this day. From Ahmedabad’s Ahmed Shah to Mahmud Khilji all attacked, but no one could win it in the war.