Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Thekkady, is a perfect example of nature’s return with beautiful natural beauty and rich biodiversity. In this amazing location of Kerala, Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary are considered the most protected area for elephants and tigers. One of the most famous National Parks of South India, Periyar National Park is high in Western Ghats ranges. The protected area is extensive with an area of 925 square kilometers (357 square miles). The remaining 350 square kilometers (140 square miles) of the core zone was declared in the year 1982 as the Periyar National Park.
This park is being decorated with a picturesque lake in the heart of the sanctuary, which is an artificial 100-year-old lake in Thekkady and is originally known for its wild elephants and the roughly established forests of the Western Ghats. Many of the sharp valleys of Periyar are tropical evergreen forests, which contain large thick trees, which rarely have any sun-ray to enter. These trees are grown entirely on the wonderful heights of 130-140 feet. Some areas of the park include the marshy grasslands near the lake edges and other water bodies. The patch of semi-evergreen forest spread across the park is also used as a vital cover by animal species.
History of Sanctuary
Earlier in the 12th century, during the reign of the Pandavas, a dam named Mullaperiyar was built in the river flowing in the Periyar river. Consequently, an artificial lake was built in this area, which is today standing in the center of the sanctuary, which increases its beauty in greater detail. With the construction of this lake, the landscape and facilities of the valley have undergone considerable changes.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the reserve was the hunting site of the Travancore kings, which today is part of southern Kerala. In 1899, this region was declared as a forest reserve called Periyar Lake Reserve with the intent of protecting the prey of the prey of the Kings from the encroachment of tea gardens. In addition, in 1934, the lake reserve was converted into a sports sanctuary, Nellikkumpati game sanctuary.
Game Sanctuary covered an area of about 500 square kilometers. In 1950, some more area was added to make Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. In 1978, the sanctuary became known as Project Tiger in the initiative of the Central Government and it was renamed Periyar Tiger Reserve.
In 1992, it was launched by the Reserve Bank of India’s environmental states and forests to protect the free population of wild Asian elephants in various states of India, while the reserve also became part of the project elephant.
Wildlife in Periyar
Apart from elephants, other animals can be found in Periyar Sanctuary, Wild Boar, Sambar, Gaur, Mouse Deer, Dule or Barking Deer, Indian Wild Dogs and Tigers. Periyar National Park now has an estimated count of 40 tigers. The major four species of primates are also found in Periyar – the rare lion-tailed macaque, Eucalyptus langur, GK Golden Langur, Common Langur and Bonnet Macac. Periyar is also regarded as the residence of Nilgiri Nilgiris tahr, which can rarely be seen but appreciates its presence.
Periyar Tiger Reserve consists of tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests. As a national park, its legal status is still pending and only one notification has been issued. It was declared as Project Tiger Reserve in 1978 and the first research was tracked for its position in 1991. This research includes 49 species of mammals, 246 species of birds, 28 species of reptiles, 8 species of amphibians, 22 species of fish and 112 butterflies species.
Waves with a peak above 1700 meters above the border of Periyar, North, and East. On the west side, it merges in a wide table-ground of Mount Plateau with an average height of 1200 meters. From the edge of this plateau, the land falls into the rough terrain of Sabarimala hills in the Pamba river basin.
Attractions at Periyar wildlife sanctuary
Wildlife lovers and tourists can enjoy excursions in the area of Sanctuary and visit the Cromodom Hills and Pandllom Hills, which will bring the business of spice in Kerala to the city of Kumily with the growing city, the most spectacular Kerala’s natural Bring beauty. , Which is the main business of its residents. In addition, in these two attractions, tourists can also enjoy the boat ride on the famous Periyar lake. With the boat climbing, tourists can make wild trips on the banks of the Periyar Wild Sanctuary.
Safari in Periyar National Park
Periyar can find tremendous ways to catch the sanctuary of the sanctuary. The availability of jeep safaris, elephant safaris and the most attractive boat cruises in Periyar lake will bring the wildlife experience more rewarding. Find the best part of the boat cruises here: Boat cruise says the best option to check the forests of Periyar Sanctuary. Today Periyar Lake is punished with an excellent sailing site for tourists. Although it is unusual to see many animals from boats, you still find some water bodies along with water on the side of the elephant, wild boar, and family of Sambar deer. The upper deck is best to see wildlife while taking a boat cruise but gets better for half an hour to get the best seat. To maximize the chances of seeing, tourists can also take the boat at 7.00. In addition, they can also book for their boat (renting).