Famous as one of the wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal in Agra, India is a symbol of true love and passion. Taj Mahal was built by the famous Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The beauty and grandeur of Taj Mahal’s architecture have never been crossed. It is called the most beautiful monument built by the Mughal rulers and represents the basis of Mughal architecture. Made entirely of white stone, the beauty of the Taj Mahal is beyond description. The beauty of the Taj Mahal has been summarized by the famous English poet, Sir Edwin Arnold, “In short, not a piece of architecture, as summarized in other buildings, but the passion of the pride of the emperor’s love has been done in living stones. ”
Design and Architecture of Taj Mahal
The synonym of India’s identity is the crown of Mughal architecture in Tajmahal, India. In the memory of the Royal members, the Mughal tradition of making majestic tomb was found in the majestic form of Taj. Built-in 1562 Humayun’s Tomb was a major influence on the design of the Taj. An architectural miracle, the structure of Dome in the structure and the addition of tanning entrance or ‘Evans’ as well as the elements of Persian influences along with inspiration such as joining in the form of rich Hindu design elements such as Chhatis and Kamal are included. Described as “tear-dropping on the cheeks of time” by Tagore, the monument is a symbol of fun austerity which has turned into the most beautiful reminder of infinite love.
Taj Mahal is part of an elaborate complex consisting of a decorative gateway, a beautifully designed garden, a wonderful water system and a mosque. The complex is situated on the southern banks of river Yamuna. The complex stretches in a south to north incline towards the river and is constructed in steps.
The central focus of the premises is the tomb structure. Made entirely of white marble, its beauty lies in the symmetry of its architecture. The structure is located at one end of the compound, at the height of 50 meters above the river level, on the square plinth raised with white marble. The tomb is located in the center of the plinth, prepared by four equivalent minarets. Tajmahal is a square structure with a distance of 55 meters. The tower is spread over 41.75 meters from the tomb of the tomb and its height is 39.62 meters. The main building has a bulbous central dome, 18.28 meters in diameter and 73 meters in height. The dome is raised above the top of the building with a cylindrical base of 7 meters high. It is decorated on top of the lotus and ends in a guild final with the Islamic semi-moon. The circular and gorgeous aspect of the central dome is emphasized by adding small domes on both sides in the form of Chhatris, which is also applied in the Gilded Finial. Each minaret is divided into two equal to three equal segments and it has an octagonal base. The delicate curve of the dome is emphasized by a thin structure and slightly angular placement of minarets. These arches indicate stacked balconies with two different levels. It is called pistachio, which is repeated on all eight edges of the building, which provides another dimension of homogeneity.
In combination with concave and convex design elements, the combination of concrete and voids create a breathtaking effect of contrast. The marble reflects the color of the outer color from time to time and creates an impressive effect of an amazing pearl at night. The outer terrain of the Taj is with complex decoration. Generally, decoration, decoration with precious gems such as opal, lapis lazuli, and jade gives decoration brightness of color against a white background. Stucco and paintings cover outer walls with Quranic verses or quotes of poems in black marble. The sculptures of Herringbone Inlets and Marble Jalis cover the mosaics of colored stones in geometric patterns, along with intangible tesselsions, external floors, and surfaces.
The interior of the Taj Mahal is dominated by a kidney octagonal central chamber, in which eight small chambers are radiated. Small cells are taken in two floors, thereby totaling 16 such tanks. Central Room is the main fun room in which the Mumtaz Mahal and the Cenotaph of Shah Jahan. Two ornate marble cenotaphs are enclosed within a marble screen and face south. The actualSarcophagii is placed under the tomb which is a relatively simple crypt.
Although Islam bans the elaborate decoration of the cemetery, Shah Jahan ignored instructions strongly and reduced the grand information of the interior surfaces. Pittras decorate the inner walls of the dura and the lipidary and floor floors and works. Excessive amount of gems was used for design with colored stones. The highly polished surfaces reflect the light filtered through the work of marble mesh in windows and arches. Inscription inscriptions of God’s 99 names have been made themselves on the graveyard and an extra passage has been read in the calligraphy of the Shahjahan’s tomb. “He visited the hall on the sixth night of this world from the world of the year 1076 Of the month of Rajb in Hijri. “
Garden in Taj Mahal (Mughal Gardens)-
This garden is a complex part of Mughal Tomb and it is commonly known as Charbagh. The raised red sandstone paths divide the Mughal garden into four segments, which in turn divide into 16 symmetrical squares.A raised class marble pool is located in the middle of the Taj Mahal and entrance. Located on the north-south axis, the tank of Houd al-Kathar or abundance provides the beautiful reflection of the Taj in all the glory of the Taj. Symbols of life and death are arranged in symmetrical equivalent patterns with different fruit bearing trees and cypress trees, respectively, with the central path taken. The garden has been designed in such a way that it provides visual sight without any crown from any random point.
Taj Mahal – Myths and Legends
Many myths surrounded by Taj Mahal The most widespread spread of them is that after the completion of the construction, Shahjahan ordered cutting of the thumbs of architects and workers so that they could not reproduce the works done by them. There is no historical evidence though.
Shahjahan’s black is also a myth to turn the Taj Mahal, but his rule was abolished by his son Aurangzeb but was unable to eliminate it. Some historians believe that due to the similarity of the symmetric architecture of the Taj Mahal, the ruins of Mehtab Bagh situated on the opposite bank of Yamuna river are incomplete relics of the structure.
An Indian writer, PN Oak, claimed that the Taj Mahal was built on the site of Shiv Mandir, which was called Taju Mahayana originally built by a Hindu king Parmar Dev. However, despite the petitions for excavation, the Supreme Court of India rejected this claim.
Shah Jahan was spent in captivity in the last eight years of Shah Burj in Agra Fort. It is said that he saw his day in front of the Taj Mahal with a small shirt in his cell and remembering his beloved Mumtaz Mahal.