Haridwar is the district of Uttarakhand state in India. Haridwar is the place where the river Ganges (Gangotri Glacier) is 250 km away. After flowing, the river Ganga enters the plains of northern India.
Haridwar is the place where people from all over India go for pilgrimage and take a holy dip in the holy river Ganges. Haridwar city is ancient and it is one of the most sacred cities of India. The diverse nature of Hindu religion has attracted foreign visitors from around the world. Foreigners always attracted Haridwar because they can experience the complex culture of India, various Hindu rituals, and ancient civilization closely.
30 km from Rishikesh and 9 0 km from Mussoorie and 220 km from Delhi, Haridwar.
Haridwar is one of the primary areas where the river Ganga emerges from the mountains and enters the plain areas. The green forest of Ganga river and crystal clear water and the background of the mountains makes the charming beauty of this holy city. Ferries look beautiful in the evening because hundreds of lamp (lamp) and marigold flowers float and highlight the river, Ganga. Rajaji National Park is just 10 km away from Haridwar. It is an ideal destination for wildlife and adventure lovers. “If you have talked, take the dip of Gangaji in Haridwar” (If you want to purify yourself then take a holy dip in the water of river Ganga in Haridwar, all your sins will be purified). This is the most common thing that you can hear about Haridwar all over India.
Haridwar has two words Hari and Door. Hari means God and door means door. Haridwar means the entrance to God. Four sacred temples are Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath which are also known on the hills. Haridwar is like the entry point of these extremes. People go to Haridwar before visiting these temples, hence the city became famous as Haridwar. Shevvi calls it Gateway of every door for Lord Shiva (Kedarnath Temple) and Vaishnavas call it Hari Door Gateway in Lord Vishnu (Badrinath Temple). It is also said that Haridwar is blessed by the presence of all three chiefs of the Hindus i.e. Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar Thus, all of these are associated with the name of mythical links, it is not surprising that Haridwar is often known as the ‘gate of God’.
Haridwar Garhwal is an ancient pilgrimage site located in the foothills of the Shivalik range in the Himalayas. Haridwar welcomes the Ganges river in plain areas. Haridwar means the Ganges River, innumerable temples, groups of monks in saffron cloth, enthralling voices of Vedic hymns and divine piety.
In addition to religious significance, Haridwar is also a center for learning various arts and culture. Haridwar is known as a great source of Ayurvedic medicines and herbal remedies. Haridwar is now home to the “Gurukula” unique Indian tradition of teaching. Gurukula Kangri has been providing unique education in the Gurukul system since 1921, the Universal Guru.
Haridwar is always the place of interest for researchers as it is one of the oldest cities in India. There are several temples with interesting heritage in Haridwar. After taking the purity of heaven from Lord Brahma’s command, Mother Ganga, after washing the feet of Lord Vishnu and flowing through Lord Sahvara, came on this earth and made Haridwar the divine stream area. Since ancient times, Mother Ganga is duty-bound to absorb the heat and negativity of this earth. Apart from this, it is the Gateway for the four Dhams of the Himalayas, such as Gangotri, Yamunotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath.
Haridwar is divided into several smaller areas like Mayapur, Ranipur, Jwalapur, Har Ki Pori, Motichur, Devpura, Bhuptavala, Hyper Kalan, Shivalik Nagar and Brahmapuri. Haridwar is one of the four places where Kumbh Mela occurs every six years after every twelve years and the rotation of the semi-Kumbh. It is said that the drop of nectar (Elixir) fell into the Brahmakund of Har-Ki-Pauri, hence it is believed that there was a dip in Brahmakund.
History of Haridwar-
It has been proved from archaeological findings that the terracotta culture existed in Haridwar during 1700 BC. And 1800 BC has been in the minds of people from Haridwar Buddha till the British arrival and in the 21st century. Haridwar was ruled by the Mauryan Empire from 322 BC until 185 BC and later it came under the rule of the Kushan empire according to historical evidence. Renowned Chinese traveler Huang Tsang visited India in 629 AD. He mentioned Haridwar in his travel journal. At that time Haridwar was a part of Raja Harshavardhana (590 to 647). On 13 January 1399, a Turkish king Timur Lang (1336-1405) also attacked this city. The first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak (1469-1539) had a bath at Cushan Ghat on Visakhakshi. Later, in the 16th century, Haridwar came under the Mughal regime and emperors like Akbar and Jehangir dominated the region. According to An-a-Akbar Mughal Emperor, Akbar drank water from Ganga river collected from Haridwar, which he called ‘Water of immortality’.
An English passenger, Thomas Corre, went to Haridwar during Jahangir’s reign. Haridwar was a port city in the 18th century and it was widely used by ships of the East India Company. One of the two major dams on the River Ganges is the Bhimgoda Dam. It is located in Haridwar. In 1854 the dam was opened. Haridwar Municipality was formed in 1868 with the help of Kunal and Mayapur. Haridwar was connected to the railway by Laksar railway station in 1886. In 1901, Haridwar’s population was 25,597 and Haridwar was part of Roorkee tehsil in Saharanpur district of the United Provinces. Gurukul Kangri Vidyalaya was established in 1902. In 1946 Haridwar was merged with the state of Uttar Pradesh.
According to Kedarkand (Chapter 111) in Skanda Purana, the ancient great King of the white name used to perform long austerities at Haridwar on the banks of river Ganga. Brahma expressed happiness with his devotion and blessed that this place would be very useful for devotees, with a blessing from all the Gods and bathing here. Bharuchahari, brother of King Vikramaditya, also has austerity. In his memory, King Vikramaditya took “Pudhi (Waddi)” / step here, which later became known as Pauri or Har Pari of everybody.
Besides these two Guru Dattatre also spent considerable time in meditation. Haridwar has been mentioned in various ancient Indian texts (Purana, Upanishad, and Mahabharata) in the form of Mayapur, Kapilasthan, Mokshadwar or Gangadwar. In the Mahabharata, the great Rishi Dhamya mentioned Haridwar (Gangadwar) as a major pilgrimage town for Yudhisthira.
The great-grandson of King Sagar of Suryavanshi Dynasty (Lord Rama’s ancestors), the legendary King Bhagirath, has said that he brought the Ganges down from heaven, through the long ascetic of many years, 60,000 people from the curse of Rishi Kapil for the salvation of their souls. Ancestors Austerity was answered and the river Ganga got out of Lord Shiva’s locks and its adequate holy water revived 60,000 sons of King Sagar. Rishi Kapil lived here in his ashram, hence this place was also called Kapilasthan. The tradition established by King Bhagirath is now followed by thousands of Hindu devotees, who bring ash of the members of their displaced family in the hope of their salvation with water from river Ganga.
Pandit (priest) of Haridwar is known for keeping records of most of the genealogy of the Hindu population. Known as Vahis, these records are updated on every visit to the city, and in North India, there is a collection of the family’s huge family trees.
It is believed that the nectar (Amrit), which was one of the fourteen valuable jewels out of the sea’s Manthan (Samandra Manthan), was sprinkled in 12 places throughout the universe. Of these 12 places, 08 are in heaven, and there are only 4 places on earth. Har-ki-Pauri was one of those four places in Haridwar where the nectar was sprinkled on the earth. As a result, every 12 years the Khumba Mela comes to Haridwar and attracts more than half a million pilgrims. The half-Kumbh Mela comes once every six years.
It is also said that Haridwar has received blessings from the presence of all three major deities; Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh Haridwar is the place where the terrible orgy dance (destruction of destruction) performed by Lord Shiva in distress, Lord Vishnu inspired to break the body of Sati, in which destroying different parts with different parts across India. Given. Pilgrims believe that they can go to heaven after receiving their salvation after the holy dip in the Ganga river in Haridwar.
Things to do in Haridwar
Ganges Ceremony– Ganga is famous all over India in Pauri. Every day, hundreds of people come here for the Ganges Festival (Ganga Arti). More than a million people are visited in a day during some festival days. River Ganga is worshiped in this ceremony because the river Ganga has been providing life in the form of water for hundreds of thousands of mankind.Sit on the pier with the locals Listen to Vedic hymns with divine music and chant them with thousands of people. Feel the auspicious atmosphere and devotion. Provide clay dia with floral bowls for the river. It is worth visiting in this field.
Meditation in Haridwar– Haridwar is a holy place and there are so many places where there is a wonderful atmosphere for meditation. There are very good trainers who can teach you meditation. Meditation is a practice to train our mind to know our self. Meditation is usually used for relaxation and stress throughout the world. Meditation can give you a peace and balance that benefits both your emotional health as well as your overall health.
Yoga in Haridwar– Yoga is now a popular activity in the whole world. There are so many ashrams in Haridwar where you can learn yoga and practice. For some time in Haridwar, you can take good classes from good yoga instructors in the morning and evening. To stay longer, you can learn yoga in deep. Yoga can give you the right synchronization of mind, breath, and body. Yoga can also improve your immunity, relationship, energy level and health of your body and mind.
Dip at Ganges river– According to the Hindu tradition, if you take a bath in river Ganges, then all your sins will be removed. One billion people take a holy dip in the year During the Kumbh Mela, the number has increased to 10 billion. The Ganges river is very clear and the holy surroundings in Haridwar are compared to other cities like Varanasi or Allahabad. So this is the best place to take a holy dip in the Ganges.
Spiritual walk at Haridwar– we have a unique way of experiencing Haridwar running Haridwar. This tour is organized every day. This tour provides the opportunity to learn this city and to experience the Indian culture as well as to experience the daily life of the local people. The tour needs at least 05 hours but still, you will not get tired because there are many things at short walking throughout the tour. Walking not only attracts interesting places but also provides the opportunity to experience some interesting things like the tasting of famous local food items to see genealogy registers (more than 400 hundred years old tradition), art and culture experience.
Ashram Visit– Haridwar is famous for its various ashrams. Haridwar is an ashram of every sect of Hinduism. There are many types of ashrams. Each ashram has its own culture and rules. These ashrams are often seen by the well-known spiritual leaders of entire India. Some ashrams are known for their social and religious activities. Thousands of people are staying in these ashrams for the peaceful life. To know these cultures, visit these ashrams, meet the people living in the ashram.
Astrology services in Haridwar– Astrology or palm service is also available in Haridwar. Personal horoscope and palm reading can be done in many places but you should choose the best of them. There are general requirements for birth date, time and city session. Most people want to get answers about their future.
Shopping in Haridwar– Haridwar is the best place to buy things related specifically to Hinduism. There are many shops where they sell various stones, Rudraksha, idols, and many other things.
Cycling and Biking in Haridwar– Haridwar is the beautiful surroundings of hills, rivers and forest areas. So many people like to enjoy biking or cycling. Rent bicycles and bicycles can be rented. Guides are required when driving in remote areas.
Places to Eat in Haridwar– Haridwar is the well-known destination for Indian and foreign tourists, so there are many varieties of food in Haridwar. Haridwar is available in traditional Indian cuisine, Italian, Mexican, Chinese, American cuisine. North Indian and South Indian cuisine is widely used. Non-vegetarian food is not allowed in the Haridwar area as it is a holy place. There are several types of food mainly in the railway station and Ranipur area in Haridwar. Common Indian traditional items are listed below.
Haridwar can be visited during the year. Shoes are not allowed in all the temples. Haridwar town is spread over 12.3 sq km. Its height is 315 meters above sea level. Literacy rate at Haridwar is 73.43 percent. According to the census in 2011, the population of Haridwar district was 18,90,422, in which Haridwar has 1,75,010 in the city. Haridwar District sex ratio is 880 women per 1000 men. Haridwar has Hindi, Garhwali, and English major languages. Non-vegetarian food and alcohol are not strictly permitted in Haridwar. Auto Rickshaws (Vikram or Three Wheels) are the best options for traveling in the city. You can also use it on a sharing basis. Summer clothing and woolen clothes in winter are the best choices for clothes. Avoid small clothes (like swimsuits, mini skirts) because it is a holy city. Shoes are not allowed in any temple, sacred place or even river Ganga. In many places, photography is not allowed inside the temple or the ashram. Haridwar is 230 km from Delhi and 25 km from Rishikesh and 110 km from Mussoorie, 55 kilometers from Dehradun and 110 km from Devprayag.