Also known as Amber Palace, the fort is situated on a hill in the Amer of Rajasthan. Only eleven kilometers from the city of Jaipur, Amber Fort is a major tourist attraction. Kila Man Singh, built by the fort, which is also written as Aamer Fort, is a beautiful miracle. It is conveniently located at the top of the Scalable Mountains, which is located next to the beautiful Maata Lake. The majestic presence of the fort and its geographical advantages make it a special place to see. The fort presents a fascinating blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. It is made using red sandstone and white marble. Amber Fort’s palace complex has very attractive apartments. This complex was built by Raja Man Singh, Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh for almost two centuries. This palace complex was used for long as Rajput Maharaja’s main residence. Amber Fort is associated with rich history, which includes betrayal and bloodshed.
History of Amber Fort
Raja Allan Singh, who once ruled the Chana tribe of Meenaas, was probably the first king to step on America. He established his palace on the top of the hill, in which present Amber Fort, and started to rule over his subjects in the new city. He named his city Khogong. One day, an old lady with a child approached King Allan Singh to take shelter in his kingdom. The king took them openly and even named the baby Dhola Rai. Then Dhola Rai was sent to Delhi to spread the legacy of the Meena Empire. Rather than following the orders of his king, he came back with a small army of his own, in which Rajput was involved. Then the Rajputs killed all those wearing Minas without any signs of mercy. It is said that there was a massacre on Diwali when Meenas was organizing a special ritual known as ‘Pertra Trayatan’. Then, for Minas, it was traditional to separate all their weapons while doing ‘Father Trapping’. ‘Rajput, who was aware of this practice, took advantage of the situation and made Khogong his own. His act was considered scary and disgusting. The city was now related to the Kachchwa Rajput, with a beautiful hill built in the castle.
King Man Singh of Kakhvahaha House had captured the throne from its predecessor in the early 1600s. After this, they started the construction of Amber Fort after destroying the structure already made on the top of the hill. The fort was further developed by the successor of King Man Singh, Jai Singh I.In the next two centuries, during the reign of the various Rajput kings, including Mirza Raja Jai Singh I, in the fort, there were constant renewal and improvement. The present fort was completed in the second half of the 16th century. In 1727, the king of Rajput decided to transfer his capital from Amer to Jaipur, there was no change in the presence of the fort.
Construction of Amber Fort was started in 1592. It was revised by regular rulers at regular intervals and by the end of 1600, this trend continued. The fort was mostly built using red sandstone and white marble. Although originally a fort, this Rajput also used to be the main residence of the Maharaja. Therefore, in subsequent amendments, the fort was deliberately designed to look like a grand palace. There is another castle, which was built before the formation of Amber Fort. The old palace lives on the valley behind the fort. This palace is the oldest in India.
Four different classes combine to build a fort or palace. Each section has its own gate and patio. The first door, which is also the main entrance gate, is called sun pole or sun gate. The gate faces the east, sees the sunrise every morning and hence the name This gate leads to the first courtyard called Jalebi Chowk. When the Rajputs were ruling this place, the soldiers used to collect and celebrate their victory in this courtyard. It was a visual treat and was often seen by women through windows. Since the royal dignitaries used to enter through the Sun Gate, therefore the place was very cautious. The courtyard in the front of the fort complex is decorated with the magnificent pillars of Diwan-i-Am and two-level painted gateway, Ganesh Pole. The entrance of Amber Fort is through the Heart-A-Relax Garden, which is kept in traditional Mughal style. An impressive flight of stairs leads to Diwan-A-M (Hall of Public Audiences), which has galleries of columns and two rows of columns, each of which holds capital in the shape of elephants at the top. This hall is placed in the other courtyard. On the right are such steps that Goddess Sila goes to a small temple of Goddess. There are large silver doors made in the temple.
Two grand buildings have been erected in the third courtyard. The buildings are situated opposite one another, located on the left side, the beautiful Jai Temple, also called Sheesh Mahal (the castle of the mirror). As the name suggests, the use of Jai Temple was used to win. Other festivals were also organized in this building. Unlike the Jai temple, the building is called the Sukh Mahal (hall of happiness). This place was used by the royal family whenever they thought that they had to rest or spend some quality time alone. A famous castle built by King Man Singh 1, towards the southern region of this courtyard. It is the oldest structure in the entire fort as today is. The way to get out of this palace goes straight to Amer city. The fourth courtyard is rather interesting. The Royal women of the mistress lived in this part of the palace. They were collectively known as Zenana. Even the queen and queen mother lived in this part too. This part of the palace was very different because the king used to visit the Queen or his masters without paying attention to any person.
The fort was named as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2013, along with five other forts of Rajasthan. ADMA (Amer Development and Management Authority) has spent about 40 crore rupees to save the fort and the external damage, however, commercialization of the fort is proving to be a major threat. It is said that a team of a Bollywood movie damaged an old canopy related to the fort. The team had also damaged buildings such as Jailb Chowk and other ancient buildings, such as Aangan Chand Mahal, drilling the hole as part of deciding the set for the film. The Rajasthan High Court condemned this act and prevented further damage by canceling the permission to shoot the film in the premises of the fort. After this incident, there is no permission to shoot any film anywhere near Amber Fort.