From a country that was divided into hundreds of kingdoms of the largest democracy in the world, India has a rich history spanning thousands of years. Forts have always been an integral part of India to protect the country from the outside of enemy forces.
India has some of the exquisite fortresses that have served their purpose for years together and still firm. These architectural marvels have become must-visit destinations for any visitor to India .
1) Mehrangarh Fort
One of the largest fortresses in India, this fort was built in 1460 by Rao Jodha and is built on the hill next to Jodhpur and towers above the city. From the top of this fortress, you can see the whole city and even beyond. This huge fortress has thick imposing walls and enjoys excellent palaces and courtyards.
You can also explore the museum of fort and wonder in the Old Royal palanquins and other elements from the time of the Rathores.
The summers are warm, but the winters are pleasant in Jodhpur that makes from October to March , the best time to visit this city.
Tour Package: 15 Days – Rajasthan Tours ( Delhi – Mandawa – Bikaner – Jaisalmer – Jodhpur – Mt. Abu – Udaipur – Pushkar – Jaipur – Agra – Delhi )
2) The Red Fort
Located in the capital, Delhi, this fort is entirely made of red sandstone and served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors for almost 200 years. You can find numerous museums here while exploring its vast area.
The Red Fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site . It was built in 1639 and even today, every day of independence, the tricolor flag is flown by the Prime Minister of India.
You can really get an idea of the real life of the Mughal kings by seeing the different internal structures like Diwan-i-Khas and hammam.
The best time to visit Delhi is during the winter months between October and March, when the temperature has a dip.
Tour Package: 7 Days – Travel Golden Triangle India ( New Delhi – Agra – Fatehpur Sikri – Jaipur )
3) Jaisalmer Fort
You can still find a quarter of the population of the city that still live within the walls of this fortress, which in fact was the city of Jaisalmer by itself in the past.
This 800-year-old fort is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is one of the oldest in the country. The entire fort is made of yellow sandstone as a defense tactic to be camouflaged in the desert during the day.
From November to March is the best time to visit the city during the winter season to escape the heat of the desert.
Jaisalmer is well connected to the main cities of India by road and rail. The nearest airport is Jodhpur Airport, which is 300 km away.
4) Fort Lohagad
Built at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level, this fort, near the hill station of Lonavala in Maharashtra is one of the many forts in the state.
This old fortress can be reached by an arduous hike, and this is what made it almost undefeatable. From the top of the Lohagad Fort, you can see valleys on all sides, and this gave the occupants a great viewpoint.
It is one of the best trekking routes in the state, and you can see clouds descend here every monsoon.
The best time to visit Lohagad Fort is from June to February in Monzón and in winter.
It can be reached by road and Lonavala railway from Bombay or Pune. Both cities have international airports.
5) Fort Golkonda
Located in the south of the Indian city of Hyderabad, this fortress was built by the Kakatiya dynasty and is built on a hill from where you can get panoramic views of the city.
The vast area of the fortress has a huge battlements that remain intact. Today, however, you can only find the ruins of this magnificent fortress that fell after enduring an eight long years of siege.
To really appreciate the architectural feat of the engineers, you can go to El Fateh Darwaza and clap your hands below a point in the dome.
This clap can be heard clearly at the highest point of the fortress. This was used as a warning measure during attacks.
The best time to visit Hyderabad is between November and February.
Take a flight to Hyderabad and make your way to the fort from there
6) Fort Amber (Amer Fort)
This is one of the most emblematic fortresses in India. Overlooking a serene lake in the city of Amer in Rajasthan, Amer Fort is built on a hill and is a popular tourist attraction in Jaipur . Built of red sandstone and marble, you can find many Hindu style elements within this fortress.
The fortress is also a palace, and you can stroll in the vast courtyards here or the unequaled experience of opulence in the Diwan-i-Khas. You can also visit the intriguing Sheesh Mahal which is made entirely of mirrors inside the palace.
The best time to visit Jaipur is between November and February during the winter.
7) The fortress of Gwalior
Gwalior Fort is one of the oldest forts in India and is said to date back to the 6th century. Built by the country’s Hindu kings, this fort boasts of two palaces – Gujari Mahal and Man Mandir. You can explore the Gujari Mahal, which today is a museum and see some of the ancient artifacts of those times. You can also find the second oldest record of ‘zero’, estimated to be more than 1500 years old, in this fortress.
The best time to visit is between the months of July and February when temperatures are cool.
Apart from these, India has hundreds of strengths that can be explored to immerse themselves in this nation’s rich past. It’s time to get lost in the ruins and you’ll be amazed by the magnificent buildings of the past!